115

س


ٻ۳ ѳ۳۳ݦ ݹѳ
ݻ ճϳ
ݳ۳ ϳٳ
ѻݻ


1 ܳ˳

   ϳ٫ ѳ ݳ ݻ ݣ ɫ ݻϳ۳ ٻ۳ ѳ۳۳ ׳ ۳ٵ ϻݻ ѳٳ û ϳݦ ͳ ݫ ٻ ѳٳ ϳݹ񳹳ݳ ѳ۳۳ ݳ ٻϳ ߳ ٳݳݻ ݻ۳ ݻݦ

2 г۳ϳ ݻǦ

   ٻ۳ ѳ۳ϳݦ ݻ ѳ۳۳ ѻ۳ ݻ

       1 гۻ ѳ гϳϳ ɻݳ˳

       2 г ϻ ˳ ݻǪ ݳ ߻ ݹ ϻ ѳ ݳųݳѳ û ݳ յݻ

       3 ݳ ӻ ٳ ѳۻ ݳ ųݳ ݳ ѳϳϳ ճ۳ ߳ ٻͳ ݻ

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        4 ݳ۳ ѳϳϳ ϳ ݻϳ۳ ǵ Ż ӻ ˳ճ ճͫ û ϻݳ ˳ ݻ ݳ ݣ

       5. г۳ ٳϳ 񹳷 ׳ г۳ û ϳѳ ( ϻ):

       6. г۳ ѳ۳ ѳٳ ݳѻ ϻϳ ߳ݳ ݻժ ﳷ۳ ݹٳ ѳ ٻϳ ѳ۳ݻ ݳϳ ϻͳ, Ǫ ǵ ջ ϳ۳ , ǵ ݳ˳ û ѳۻ, ݻ ճ ݳ˳ѳ ݻ: 1992 . ͳ ٻݳ, ѻݳ ϳ ѳٳ - (Assistant Professor) ݹ . ݳ ݳ ճݳ ﳹ ۳ dz, ǹ سٻ ϻͳݻ ݻ [196]:

    - ٳٳ ݻ ۳ ϻ ݻ

117

21 гۻǪ гϳϳ ɻݳ˳ ݻ ٳ û

    û ճϳ ó ߳ û ѳۻ ݻ гϳϳ ɻݳ˳ ˳ݻ ϻ - ݻǫ ٻ ٳϳ ųٳݳϳѳ ۹ û ݳϳ ã û ߻ ѻݳݻ ٻճ ѳۻ ۳ ٻ ճ ϳݳݻ ݻ ǵ ݳ ٻ [197] 20- Ͻ ϳݳ ѳ ճ ɻ ӻ ϳ 񳹳ݫ ٳϳ ѳٳ ݣ
   гۻ ۳ ٳ û ϻ ϳ 19- ٫ ѳݳ ϳ 峷 ѳݫ û ǵ ݳ˳ѳۻ û гϳϳ ɻݳ˳ dz ٩é 6- ϻݣ ϻ ߻ ϳ ݻɣ ϳݫ ϳ û ϳ ٳϳɫ û ٻϳ óٳݻ ݷ٪ 1985 1995 é ϻ ѳۻ ݻ ճѳ ˳ ɻݷ۳ Ʒ ۳ ݳϳ ˳ [198] ۳ ۳ ϻ ﳹ г۳ ϳdz ѳϳ ͳ 1968 é

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1965-1968 é г۳ ӻ ѽ ϳ ߳٪ ۳ г۳ ϳ ݳٳ ѳ ϳ˳ ݻ ϳ ߳ ݳ˳ ۳ ۳ ٻ ݷ ϳ ݳ ٻ ˳ ѳٳ ߪ 1988-1991 é - ݻ 񳹳ݻ ѳϳϳ ߳ݻ ѽ ϳ۳ ۳ ϳ ݹݳ ۻ ϳ۳ ճϳ۳ 1968 é ϻ ѳ гϳϳ ɻݳ˳ - ٵ ݳݳϳ ѳ ݹϳ -ݹϳ ݻǫ ϳݦ ѳ ѳ ѳϳϳ ϳ ߳ٳ ݻݣ
   ѳϻ - ۳ ϳ ųݳݳ ϳ Ƿ Գ۳ ۳ ճ ݳݻ ݻϵۻ ѳۻ г۳٪ ϳ ۳ ݳ [199] ۳ ϳ ݳ۳ ٳ ѳٳ ϳ ߻ɫ ݳ 񳦪 ݹٻ 4-5 ٫ ݦ ѳ Գ۳ ۳ ͳ ˳ݻ [200] ۹ ˳ݻ ϳ Ż ϳݻ ѳ ѳ ݳ ѻﳷ ݳݻ [201]

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ٳݳ ݳϳ 0 гǪ ѳۻ dzϳ ͳٳ ݳ۳ ٳ ѳݷ ٻݳ Die phygishen Sprachdenkmaler, Sofia, 1966 ųݳ ۳ ٳϳ ٻٳ ݹٻ ٻϩͳó۳ ٻ [202] ϳ ۳ ۳ ݳ ϳ 񳵻 󳵻 ѳϳϳ յݻǫ ٳݳ ݳ ݳ ݹϳ ջݻ ϳٳٵ [203] ϳ٫ ɳ ٳ ۳ ݳϳ ݳ ݳ ճϳ ߳ųݻ ٳ ٳٳ
    ߳ ٻϳ ѳ۳ݻǦ ݻ г۳ ϳ˳ ѻ -߳ ӻ ϳϳ ݻ ѳۻ ۳ ٳ û ϳ ۹ ٪ ѳۻ ͳݳ۳ ݹݻ ׳ ٻݳݻ ѳݹ ϳ ѳ ѻ ٳݳ ϻ ݳݪ ݷ 񳹳 гϳϳ ˳ݳ Ȼ ۳ 1992 1993 é ϳ ݻ ݹӳ ٻ ۳ ϳ ϳ- ϳ ݻ ݻ ѻ ѳ۳ ߳ ѳۻ ݻ ѻݳݻ ѳ ϻͳ ۳ dz [204] ۳ ݳݹ ݳϳݻ

120
-ݳ˳߳ٳ ٵ ٳ ѻ۳ ݳ˳۳ ٻ ۹ ٳ г۳ -- ѳۻ ѳ ݻ ѻ the Armenians, whose dominance over the land comes after centuries of dominance by other peoples - ݹ [205] 㵳 ۳ ó ͳ۳ ѳ ݹ۳ û ٳϳ г۳ ѳۻ 񳵻 ѳϳϳݫ ۳ϳݫ ݳϳ ϳ ѳ۳ ݹ۳ ۳ ɻ ѻ г۳ ٳ۳ ѳۻ ųݷݻ ݫ ݳ ݳݳϳ ѳ٣ ۳ ѳٳ ѳ ͳ ϳ ݻ û ɻ / ۳ ճӷ ݳ ݳ۳ ٻ ɪ ﻽ г۳ ճ ݹ ߻ [206] ݹݫ ۳ Ʃ ۳ݫ ܩ ۳ ѳۻ ۳ ٳݫ ٻ ߻ ѳۻ ѳ ϻݻ [207] Ω ٳݫ ǵ ۻ ϳ߳ ݳϳݻǫ ϫ ݳ ѳ۳ ѳ ǹ ة ȳݷ ϳϳͻǦ ݻ ˳ݻ Ȼ ۳ ɵ۳ݫ

121
ѳٳӳ ݷɻ ѳۻǪ г۳ ݻ ٳ [208]
   ۳ ݻݳ ѻϳ ѳ 1996-1997 é ѳ ݳϳ ۳ ϳ ۳ ջϳ۳ٵ ˳ û ϳ ǻݻ sic -- 峷 ݳ ٣ ۳ ݻ ѳݷ ϳ ѳ ϳݫ ѳٳӳ ۹ ǻݻ ѳۻ ϳ ٳ ѻ г ѳٳǪ س ѳ۳ϳ ٵ ٳ ɳ ѳ ݳ ݳ˳ ۳ 糹 ճݳ dzϳ۳ ٻ ٻճ ѳ ݳϳݻݫ ۽ ݻ ѳ ۳ ٻ ٳݳ 񳵻 ϳ ǻݻݫ ݳϳ ͳ 峷 [209] ϳ 㿫 û ۳ ϳ ѻﳷ ѳǫ û ٻǫ ݫ ۳ ûɳ ѳ۳۳ ѳ۳۳ ѳ ѳ۳

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3. г ϻ ˳ ݻǪ ݳ ߻ ݹ ϻ ѳ ٳϳ ѳ Ͻݳյݻ

3.1 ݳ г óݦ ۳ 񳷳ݻ

   г ٳ۳ Ǫ ݳ г ѻ յ ϻ ѻݳ ݳ ݳϻ ݻ ճϳ ϩ

        ݳ ջݻ ٻ ѳۻ ٻ۳ 鳽ٳϳ ߳ݳ ݻ ٳ ѳݷ ѳ ˳ݻ ݳϪ û ѳۻ г ݹ ݻ ݫ û 廱 г DZ ѽ 糽 ݻɫ ݳ۳ DZ ٳϳ ٻ ݻ ųٳݳݻ٫ DZ ϳ DZ ݹݻ ݻ ѳϳϳ ݳ ݣ

        ݳ ϳϻ ǵ ѻ Ͻݳյ ݻϳ۳ݻ ٻ˳ ѳ ѳ ѳ ݳ۳ ٵ ٳ۳ Ͻݻ ݻ ٳϳ ݳϳݳ ݻ ٳ ۳ ٻ ٻ ٳϳ ݳŻ յݻ ϻ ѳ ٳ۳ ˷ݻ ݳϳ ϳ

    ѳ ݳ ݳ 19 - 20 Ͻ ṳϫ ݳ۳ ǽǤ ۹ ݻ ݳ۳ ѳݳ ݳϳ ճݳݻ ߳ ݳϳݻ

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ǹ ǻ ʳɳ۳ Щ յ۳ ѻﳷ٫ ݻǫ dz ܩ Щ سݳݹ۳ ѳ ݳ û 5- ѻݳϫ ݳ ٳ ѳ ߪ ϳ 78 ϳ 9- ͳͳ ݳ ݻ ѳϳ ʳɳ۳ ǻ Щ յ۳ ݳųݳѳ ѳ ݳ ݳϳ ٳϳ ٵ 1890-ϳݻ ݳ ٳϳ ϻ ݳ ݳ ݳ ѳ۳ݻ ݫ ݳϫ ܩ ݹݫ Щ ۳ ǵ ۳ ة ۳ س˳۳ © ɵ۳ Щ ׳۳ 1960-ϳ é ۳ٵ ѳ ߳ ٳݳݻ ݳ۽ ݻ ѳϳ ۳ ճ ٻݳݻǤ [210] ݻ ݳ ϳݻ ݷݳѳ ųݳѳ ɻ ٻݹ ݫ ѻﳷ ݻ ѳ ѳ ٳ ݳϳݻ ݳݻ ѳݳݻ [211]

124
   ϳ 1950-ϳ . ݳdz۳ ϻ ϳ ͳ ͳϳ ۳ : 1950 . ϳ ѳ гۻ ۳ ٻ гϳϳ ѳ ѳѳ ͳ, ݳ ѳ ѳӳٳ ų ϳ [212]: , ѳ ϻͻ ѳݳ 1950 ., , ٻݳ ѳݳϳ۳ٵ 1945 ., ٳ 19- ۳ ѳ 1925 . ٵ 17- -ϳ ٳݷ, 17- 2- ϳ۳ 빳 ٪ ݳ ѳݻ ݻϳ۳ dz γ ѳ 񳵻۳, ݳ ѳ г. ٳϳ ݻ [213]: л , ۹

125
ݳ˳ . ٻ ۹ ѳ ѳٳ - ٳ ѳ񳵻ݻ ϳ, ݻ ٳ, ѳݷ dz : ϳ dz ϳݷݻ ػ dz , 1947 . ٳݪ - ٻ ݳǦ , - ݻ ϳ ݷǦ ϳݷݳ dz :
   гϳݳ , 1940-ϳ . ( ѻ , ݽ -, ѳٳ , ϳ ͳͻ ѳ) dz ѳٳ Ż ɦ, ۳ ٳ ݳ ѳϳϳ ջ ٳϳ г۳ ջ:
   ѳϳ , , ٳ ݻ ٳ ϳٳٵ ϳ 峷ݹ ݻ ϳݦ ܲ- ٵ ٪ -, dz ܲ- ݹٳ (1952 .) ѻ: - ݳ (ٳ ѳ ٳ۳ ѳ ۳) ˳ ߳ ݳ˳ӻ ѳݹ ϳ ٳ: , ݻϳ۳ݻ, , ٻݳϳ ٵ۳ٵ ݻ ݳ۳ݻ Ż ݳݻ, ͳͻ ݳ г ۳ݦ 񳵻 ݻ: ٻ絻 ٳ ѻ ճ񳵳ݳϳ ϳ ѳ񳽳.
 
߳ ݳ ϻ ݳ ѻݳ ӻ , û ϳϳ ųٳݳ ߳ م ͻ ϳ ݹ , ٵ۳ٵ ˻ճ ݳ

126
 
۳ ۹ ӻ [ѳ] ѳ ݹݻ ϻݻ ۳ ٳ:
[This somewhat mysterious and deliberatelymystifying author who pretended to belong to an epoch far anterior to his own but also forged a tradition, a school, of his own, which completely disfigured the more immediate past and so molded the historical perspective of generations to follow.] [214]
   ٳ , û ϻ- ݳ г ϳ 8- ϻ, ϳ ӻ û 5- ϻ (History of Armenia of pseudo-Moses of Chorene, purporting to have been written in the latter half of the fifth century, but actually complied in the latter half of the eighth) [215]: ٳ , ݳ ݳϻ ٻ۳ ݹ ǽ, , û ݻ ϻ ٳ ٻ, ѻݳ ϻ ϻ- (Being, thus, something of a deliberate mystifier, this author has deserved his appelation of Pseudo-Moses) [216]:     ѳݹӫ ݳdz ݻ ӳݳɫ ٳ ѳٳӳ ϻ ݳ ѻ յ ۹ٻݳ ݳ ݳ ųٳݳϳ 񳵻 ݷݳѳ ջݻ [217] ϳ٫ ٳ ݳ ѳ ϳ ϳݦ ݳ˳ ۹ ӻݳϻ г ɫ 0 ѳٳ

127
ѳ۳ ݹ ˳ѳ ᵻ 1978 é ݷ ݷɻ óٳݻ ݳ ˷
    ݳ г óٳݻ û г۳ ݦ History of Armenia óٳ ٳ [218] ɪ гۻ ݦ History of the Armenians , ѳ۳ dzϳ , ϻ г ݦ ݳ, ٻ ϻ ݻ ϳ ݻ г۳ ۳ ٻ ͳ ѳϳϳ ճ۳ : ߻ سû۳, dzݷٳ ׳鳵 ϻ, , ݳ ջ û г ݦ, г ػͳ, ػ г۳ ݦ [219]:
    ѳ г۳ ϳ ٳ۳ ǽϻ
 
» ٳ ݳ óٳݻ г۳ ݫ ϳ ϳ ѳۻ "г۳" ˳ѳϳ ѳ׳ ѳ "ѳ ˳ѫ " ӻ ݹ [220]

128
    ٳ ۳ ճ ݽǫ ϳɫ г۳ ѳ ˳ѳϳ ٳ ϻͳݻ 㹻 г۳ ݳ ߳ݳ ѳϳϳ ݳϻ ߳ݳ ϳ ۻ û ˳ѳϳ ѳϳݫ ϳ ݳ ѳ۳ dzϳ ϻ г ݦ ݳ ٻ ϻ ݻ ϳ ݻ г۳ ۳ ͳ ѳϳϳ ճ۳
   г ϻݻ ѳϳѳ ٫ dz ׳ݫ 1991 é Գ г ۳ݦ ݳ ѻ dzǩ ݳ г۳ ϳ û ݳ Գ û ߻ Ͻ ۳ dz г۳ ӳϻ ݳ ͻ г ۳ݦ [221] 峫 ϳ ٫ ٻ Ϲݳ ϳݫ ѳ - ѻճϳ 糵 33- ݳ Գ ݳ ǵ гۻ ݦ ϳ ݻ Գ ߳ݫ ݽ óٳ ۹ ѻݳϳ ݳ г۳ ݦ [222]

129
    糵-ݳݻ٦ [223] ٻճ ݳ ݳ ݳ ٻ ٻ ݻ۳ɪ ˳ݻǦ (mystifications) [224] ݳ ݻ ݳ (entirely Moses own invents a history [225], Here also Moses invents a history [226], ۳ɪ Moses invents a history [227], Again, he has given a personal, tendentious, and composite story [228] ), ۳ յݻ ճջ ݻ ݻ (He willfully distorts his sources and invents episodes) [229], ϻͳ۳ݦ (fraud) [230], ϳɳ ϻͳ۳ݦ (complete fraud) [231], ճݻǦ (Moses definitely distorts his reading of Josephus) [232], յ ϻͻ (has faked his source) [233], ѳϳϳ ݻ ѳٳ ѳ ݻ ϻ (interest in implausible etymologies for Armenian names) [234], ϻ г۳ ѳٳ˳ѳ ݻ (false introduction of Armenia onto the world scene) [235], ݻ ϻ ۳ ɳݻ (Moses has added a nonexistent character to the stage of history) [236], ѳ۳ݻ ݻݳ (part of Moses

130
Armenianizing of history) [237], г۳ ϳ ѳٳ ݻ ϳ (The amedments to his story are all designed to show the preeminence of Armenia) [238], ޳ٵ ݻ (the name Shambat he has invented) [239], ݳϳ۳ݦ (tendentiousness) [240], ѳ ݳϳ۳ݦ (patent tendentiousness) [241], ݹ ݳǽǦ (tendentious anachronism) [242], г۳ ݻ-鳵ݻ ͳ ۳ ۹ ٳdz ۳ óϻ (he also indulged in his usual habit of adapting the information he found there ad maiorem gloriam Armeniae) [243], ٳϳ ݻ ϳٳٵ ٳϳ 񳵻 ݻݳ (Moses cavalier attitude toward historical realities) [244], ѳ ϻ ѳݦ (patently fraudulent claim) [245], 뻵 ųٳݳϳ ͳ ճݦ ( the Chronicle was widely plagiarized by Moses) [246] ϳ, Ϫ ﳷͳ ѻݳݻ ݳ ߳ϻ ݳ ˳ݻ ϳ ﳹ۳ ݻ [247] ٳ

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ݻ ٻ: ϳ ϳ ˳ݻ ϳ ٻճ dz Ż. Ǫ ٳѳ յݻ ջ , ݹ ٻ۳ ٳ۳ ٻ: ϳ, ٦ , 5- ۹ ϳ ϳ ͳ ݻ, ٻݻ, ݻ, ݳݻ, ϳ ٳ ͳ ݻ [248]: ѻû ѳ۳۳۳ ѳ ѳ ݳ ݻ ٳ ӻ, ٳ dz 20- Ͻ: ϳ٪ ѳ۳۳ 糵 : ѻ, ϳ , ݳ, , ϻͳ ˳ (in fact, Moses is an audacious, and mendacious, faker) [249], ϳ : ٻṳ۳ ٳ ѳݹ ѳݻ ݻ ˳, ߻ջ ݳϳ ѳ۳ ϳ ݹ ߳ ݹݻ (he was a mystifier of the first order His protestations of strict methodology were intented to deceive, to divert critical attention, and to encourage acceptance of his own tendentious narrative) [250]: ݻ, óݻ ߷ ѳ Ϫ ϳݦ ݻ: ݳ ѳ յ ϻ ճϳݻ ٳ: ݻ (ٻ ѳݳϳ۳ٵ ) ٻ ϳ ݹ. ӻ ѳ ٻݳٻ ѻݳݻ

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ٻ ݳ ݻ, ݳϻ ݻ ۹ ѻݳ۳ ۹ Ϫ ٳݻ ѳۻ ݳ, ˻׳ݻɦ ѳۻ, ݻɦ, ѳϳ ߳ ᷻ ݻ ѻ ۳ٵ ݳ dz ߳ѻ ˻ ݻ ݻ, ѳٳ ˻ , ۹ ɪ ߳, ͻ (, ӻ񵳽 ߳ ߳ ѳۻ): ݻ, ٻͳ ѳ : Ͻ ݳ ѳ ۳ ݳݻ ѳ, ѳϳ ݷ ϳݻ ٻϻݳݻ (ݳ ųٳݳ , ٳ ˳ ӳ ѳۻ ٳݻ ѳ ѳ۳ϳ ٵݻ): ϻ г۳ ݻ ϳdz, ݪ г۳ݪ 1986 1998 ., ݳٳ ݻ ж ٳ۳ ݹ ݻ ٳ: 㹻 ϳ ݻ ѳ ٳ , , ѳ ϳ ϳ ѳݷ ݻ ٳ ᵻ۳ ѳ۳ݻ :
   ػ ݻ ݹ񳹳ݳ ٳϳ ϻ û 糵, ݽ ݳ (û ٻ ѳ ݳݻ ճ ѳ dz ٻ . ѳ۳, . -۳ . ۳ ϳٳٵ 񹻷 ѳ ۳ϳ-ϳٳϳ ݳϳ ) [251]: ϳ, ϳ, Ͻ ϻ, dz , ٳݳ߻ ݳ ݳݻ, ϳɳ .

133
       1 ٻṳݳϳ ݻ ݳ ۳ ۳ ѳϳϳ ݫ ݽ ݳ ɪ ݹ񳹳ӻ ѳ۳ݻ ݻϳ۳ ݻݫ ѳϳ ˳ݻݣ 񳵻 ѳϳ ѳ۳ ѳ۳ݻݫ ˳ݻ ߻ ϻ dz ϳ ٳϳ ݹݻ [252] Ż dz 糵 ݻ ٻŻɤ ٻ 1978 é ۳ٵ ݳdz۳ ٻ ٻݳͳ ѳٳ ۳ ۳ ٻݳݻ 1965 1966 é

134
ϳݫ ϻͳݻ ѳ ٳݦ Ͻ ٳ ٻ ٳݳ dz ѳ۳ ݳϳݻ dz ٻ ݳϣ ݳ 񳵻 ϳٳ ٳݳ۳ ٻ ߻ ݳ ߳ݳ ѳ۳ ǵǪ ݳ ݹݻ ݻ ϳ ߻ ݳ ųٳݳ ߳ [253] ۳ݦ ϳ٪ ճ ϳ ݳݻ 񳵳 ݳ ׳ dzݷٳ ۹ ݳ۳ ٻ ǵ ݳ۳ óϻ ųٳݳϳ ݳݻ ݻ 1960-ϳ é ϻݹݳݻ ٳ γ ٳݦ ϳ ٳݦ Ͻݻ ϳ ݻ ϳ ۳ ݻ ߻ ǵ ݳǽ٦ [254]
       2 ݳݻ û ݳ˳ ճ ݳ񳵳 ûɳ ٻݳϳ ѻ ݳ г ۳ݦ ٳ û ݳ ϳ ѻﳽ۳ٵ ϳ ճϳ
    ǫ ݳ ջɪ ӻ ѳϳϳ ݹ ݻϳ۳ݻ ݻݳϫ û ݹὫ ӻ ݳ ѳۻ ϳ ۳ٵ

135
ݻ to provide the Armenians with a history as respectable as that of other nations [255] -- û ѳۻ ϳ ϳ û չ ѳ۳۳ ݳ ѳݻ ݳ ѳ ӳ ӻ ѻ ٻ ϻ ӻ ϻ ѳۻ ǵ ߳ ߳ ݻ 糵 ۳ ٻ ѳ ݻ ݻ ճϳ ó ٳ dzϳ ˳ ߳ݳ۳ ٳݩ Ǫ ѳ ݹݻ ݳ ѳ 19- ϳ ߳ݳ ݻ ѳϳϳ ݳϳ۳ ٳ ٣ ٳ г ѽ ۳ ݳ׻٦ [256] ѳ û ݻ ٻ ϻ ӻ ݻ ݳ ѳݻ ϳٳٵ ѳ ݳ˪ ѳ ۳ ϳϳ յ ɻ ͳ ѳۻ ۳ ѳݳ - ѳٳ ˳ ϳճݳ ѻ ݳ г ۳ݦ ݻɫ û ϳ DZ г۳ ѳϳϳ ճ ѳ ݳ ųٳݳݻ٣ л ݳ ѳϳ ѳ۳ ճϳ ѳݻ ݪ 1978 é ϻ ճ۳ ׳ݳٳ ѳ۳ ϳ ݹ ݻ۳ݫ ٳݳ ѳϳϳ ѳ۳ ͳٳ ųٳݳϳݣ

136
    ˳ݻ û ϳdzϳ ݫ ݹ ϳͻ ٻ٫ ϳ ϳ ϳ ٳ ѳϳѳϳϳ ѽ ϳ ճϳ ߳ǫ ӻݳϻ dz ۳ ߳ ݳݻ
       3 ݳݻ ߳ ٵ ϳ ѳݷٳ ݳ г ۳ݦ 鳵 óٳ [257] û ѳݻ٪ ѳ ϻͣ ݻϳ۳ ݹٻ ۹ ݳϣ ݹͻ ˻ճ ݳ ߳ óϳŻ ϳݻ 񳵻 ѳۻ ųٳݳݻ ݻ ݳ۳ ٳϳݣ ϳѳٳ ѳٳ ݳ ݳ˳ݻ ݳϳ ٵ ٳ ٳٳ ݽ ߳ ϻ ۹ ݹ ϻ ۹ ѳ ߳ ݳݣ

137

   ѳϳ 㿫 ϻͻ ݳ ٻݳѳ׳˳ ߳ժ ݳ ѳݹ ݻ ի ݻ ݳ ͳ ѻ۳
 
ÿ ݹ ٳݻɫ ûٵ ϳ ݹ ݷ ׻ óûٵ ϳ û ͻ ٻ ˳ ų ߳ [258]

ѳ óٳ

 
For although we are a small country and very restricted in numbers, weak in power, and often subject to another's rule, yet many manly deeds have been performed in our land worthy of being recorder in writing [259].

    ݻ ѳٳ ѳ óٳݻ ѳۻǫ ѳٻٳ ѳۻݫ óٳݻ ѻ ݳϳ ѳ񳽳 ݳݤ

ݩ
 
ѻ û ٻ ߳ ٳݳ ˳۳ ѳ׳ óϳ ٻ ճٳ۳ ߳ ͻ ϳ ͫ ߳ϻ ų ݹݻ 񳵻 ݳ ϳ ߻ݻݪ

138
س˳۳
 
ѻ û ٻ ߳ ٳݳ ߳ ݷ ó۳ ͫ ٻ ˳ ۳ ߳ ͻ ϳ ͫ ߳ϻ ų [260]
۳ݩ

 
, , , , , . [261]

سѻ
 
En effet, quoique nous ne soyons qu'une petite nation, d'un nombre limite, d'une force restreinte, et bien des fois soumise a une royaute etrangere, il se trouve que beacoup d'actes de vaillance ont ete accomplis dans notre pays, dignrs d'etre rappeles par ecrit. [262]

    ߻ݻ ݳ ߳ݳϳ ݩ
       1 óٳݻ û ݷɻ ѳٳŻ a small garden bed a small country ٳ۳ Ͻݻ ѳٳӳ ϳ ϻ

139
г۳ ϳ ѳѳ г۳ ջ ػӳ ѽ ٻ ݻ ٻ ϳ۳ ͳ٪ ׻ ٻݳѽ ߻ ݹٻ ٻ ׳ ϳݣ ةé 1- Ͻ ٻ ѻݳ
 
ϳ ۳ٵ ݻ ۹ ٻ ó۳ г۳ ٳݻ û ѻ ݹӳ۳ٵ 񳽳 óݻ ٳݻݫ ݹ г۳ γ峹dz γ 1 100000 ǫ ɳ ϳ 700000 [263]
   ݳϳ ݫ ѳۻ -- ݷ dzϳ ϳ۳ ϳ۳ ųٳݳݻ -- ߳ г۳ ٻ ݷ ٻͳϳ ػϳ ݻ ѳٳ ߻ ѻݳݻ ߻ Գ ϻ

   Գ ǩ
 
ݳ óݻ ٻ ˳ г ųݻ ͳۻݦ
ٻ ˳ г۳
ٳ ó ۳˳ г ˳ ٻ ۳ ѳ ϳ ׳ݳ ݳ ˳ݫ ݫ ٳ ˳ݦ [264]

140
߻
 
᷻ ѳ뻳 ٻ ˳ г󩩩 [265]:

    ϳݻ ߳ ɳ ͳ ݻ ݳ ѻﳷ óٳݻ ݳ Գ ߻ ݳϳ ϻ ݳ ϻ ϻ ݳ óٳݻ ݻ ݳ ɳ óٳ ϳ óٳݻ ϳ ӻ ݳϪ ߳ óٳݻ ۹ ĩ- سѻݤ ݳϦ ճݦ 嶺 ϳ - ݣ ٻ ݳ ۳ ѳۻ óٳݻ ٻ ÿ óٳ ǵ û ٻ khotya my I nebolshaya gryadka [266] , ϻ гϳ۳ Ǧ ۳ , ѳ ˳ ݻϳ۳, ǵ ϳ, ˳Ѧ [267]: ϳ, ϳ ѳݳϳ ݳ , ݦ ͳ ϻ ϳ ٳ۳ 񹻷 Ͻݻ ѳٳӳ:

141
       2 ݳ ݹ ݷ ׻ óûٵ ͻ ѳ׳ ˳۳ óϳ often subject to anothers rule ϳ ٳ ͳ ճ٩
        ݳ˪ ݳ ݻ óݻ ѳ ݳ ݳ ѳ ٳ ϳ ߻ гϳϳ ó۳ ѳϳ߳ óٳ óݻ ׻ û ѳۻ ݳϻ г۳ ó ѳϳϳ
        ݻ ݳ ݳ г۳ ݻ ٳݣ ѳۻ ջ ѳ׳ ˳۳ óϳ ɪ - ѳ ׳ݻ ٳ ߳ ѳ ݷɻ óٳ ݻ we many times have been conquered by foreign kingdoms óٳ۳ ٻ ٵ۳ٵ ݳ ߳ ѳ г۳ ó ݻ
   γDZ ϳ ٻ ѳ׳ ˳۳ óϳ ó ѳϳ ѳٳ: ϳ۳ٵ ۳ ߳ϻ ٻϳ ݳϳ , ߳ ݻ ѳ ۳ ѳݹ ϳ ٳ۳ 񹻷 ݻ Ͻݻ, ϻ ϳ۳, ٳݻ ϳ, ѳۻ ݻϳ۳ ǵ ٻ óϳ (Armenians [were] presented, as usual, as subject to someone else) [268]: Ͻٳݳ , û ѳϳ

142
, ѳ ٻϳ ѻݳ г ѳٳ , , ϳ ϳ ճݳݻ, ۳ ߳ û ϳ ݻ, ߳ ٳϳ Ͻݳյ ϻͻ ׳, ѳۻ ٳѳ (ݹ ٪ ) ѳ ۳ ѳݹ 峷ݹݻ ߳ϳ ˳ Ͻݻ ٻ ٻ ѳ׳ ˳۳ óϳ:
   ϳ ѳ۳۳ݦ ѻ ۳ ٳݻ ۳ٵ ݻ ٻ ϳ ϳ. ( .) ݻ ǻ, ݹѳ , ٻݳ ѳݳϳ۳ٵ ˳ ѳݳϳ-յݻ, ٳݻ: ۹ յ-ѳݳϳ ͳۻ ݷɻ óٳ ۳ , ϳ, , ջ (, û, ϳ) ɻ ݳݳ û :
       3 ûݦ óٳݻ ǵ ճٳϳ ͻ manly deeds û ѳٳ˳ ۳ݫ ѻ۳ݫ ǽ۳ ͻ ݷɻ ݳ ٳ ݻ ݳϪ valiant deeds, deeds of valor ϳ deeds of bravery ճٳϳݦ ݦ ٳ ݳ ٳݻ û ٻݳ ǫ ݳϳ ݳ ϳ ŷ ݻ ٳ Ǫ ݻ 糹ݻ ׳߳ ѳٳ˳ݫ ӻ ݳ ٳݻ ѳۻ ųݻգ ϳݫ

143
ѻ ѳ ˳ ٻ 糵٫ ѳ ݽ óٳݻ valiant deeds [269]
    ѳݷ ߳ݳ ݻ ѳǪ ߷ ݷɻ ٵϳ óٳ
 
Although we are a small garden bed, quite limited in numbers and weak in power, and many times have been conquered by foreign kingdoms, yet many deeds of bravery can also be found to have been done in our realm which are worthy of written

ϳ ˦ ѳ

    ݳ ϳ ѳͫ ٳݳ ѳݻǫ ݹ ߻ ѳ ٻ ٳݳ ݳ۳ݫ ѳݳ۳ݫ ݳϳ۳ ݳݳǽǤ ۹ ѳ 񳵻 ٩é 6- ѳ ó Ƿ ݹ۳ݫ ٳ

 
ϳ ɪ ٻ ݹ ϳ ͳ ѳϳѳ ϳ ٳ󩩩 [270]

óٳݻ
 
He was supreme among men and by showing his valor he glorified our nation. Those who had been under a yoke he put in a position to subject and demand tribute from many. [271]

144
۳ɪ óٳݻ ѳ ѳۻǪ ѳٻٳ ѳۻ óٳݻ ѻ ѳ񳽳 ݳݤ

   ݪ
 
ܳ ˳ ճٳϳ ٻ ݪ 鳵ݻ ٻ ݫ ݳ ϳ ߳ 񳹳 ѳ ѳգ

   س˳۳
 
ܳ ճٳϳ ϳݷݻ ݪ ٻ ٻ ߳ ݻ ѳϳѳݻ [272]

   ۳ݩ
 
, , , , . [273]

    سѻ.
 
Sans egal parmi les hommes et montrant partout son courage, il eleva haut notre nation. Nous qui etions sous le joug, il nous mit en etat de subjuguer et de rendre tributaries de nombreux peuples. [274]

    ݳ ݳ ٳ ߻٩.

145
        ݳ ѳ ϻ ųݻ ݳ ٻ ݳ˳ ٳ. ˳ ݳ سѻ, óٳ, ϳ, ݹѳ ٳٵ, ߷ .
        óٳݻ ǵ glorified = 鳵ݻ ٻͳͦ dz ݻ raised ϳ lifted up =
        ٻݳ߳ݳϳ ߻ ϳ٫ ɫ ѳ ϻ ݳ ٻ ۳ ٪ ӻ ٻ ѳ ͻ ǣ ٪ ϳ ѳ óٳݻ ݳ ߫ ٻͳ óݻ [275] سݳ ۳ݫ dzݤ ѳ ٳٳ 񽳵ݻ ٻ- ϳ ٻٵ-ٵ wegroup-theygroup ݳӻ ٳ ߳ݳ ݳ۳ ٳ ٳ [276] ۹ ݳϫ dz ٻ۳ ǫ ٻ ٵ ٻ ߳ݳ ۹ ٵ ݹݻ ۳ ٵ ϳٳٵ ϳ ѳ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ѳٳǫ ѳ ѳٳͳ۳ ٵݻ ݳ ݻ ۳ ۳ ߳ ϻݻ [277] ݳϳݳ

146
ѳۻ ٳ ٳݳ ϳݻ ѳݷ ݳ ó ѳ ݽ ݳ ٳݻ ݻϳ۳ ѳ ݳ ǵ dz۳ݫ ѳ۳ݫ ݳ۳ óã
    ӻ ݳ ٻ ǫ ׳ ٳ ѳٳ ݳ ٳ ųٳݳݻ ѳۻ ѳٳٵٳ ϳ ݳ۳ ٳϳ -óٳ ݷdz û ϳ ͻɫ û ݹ ϳ ѳ ݳ û ۳ݫ 繳ϳ ѳ񳵻ݻ ٳݫ ٳݳݹ ͳ ͳ ѳѳ ٳٳ ѳݪ ޳ ݻ ݻݫ ݻ ݦ [278]
   ݹ ٫ ɫ ݹ ϳ ѳ óٳ û ӻ ɫ ͳó û ݹ ͳ ǵ óٳݻ ݷɻǣ ݷɻ ϳݻ ٻݻ ۹ ѳٻ ݫ ݹ ϳ ٵ ѳ ٻ óٳ
 
Taking his place at the head of his men and demonstrating his courage, he raised up our nation, and put us, the once subjugated, in a position to subjugate the many and exact tribute from them.
    û ᵻ۳ ٳ ѳݻ ۹׳ ճջ ݳ û ߻ݻ

147
ϳ ݻ ٵ óٳ۳ ٻ ϳݫ û
   廱 ݹ񳹳ӻ 1978 é ѻ ݳ г ۳ г۳ ѳ ݳ۳ ޳ ϻ ݹ񳹳ӻɫ ϳͻ ϳ ϳ ݻɣ 㹻 1978 é ѻ ݳdz ӻ ͳ ݻ ٳ г ۳ݦ ջݻ ųݳѳ۳ ݻ 񳵻۳ɣ ٻ ϳݹ񳹳ݳ dz ٻ ѳݳ۳
   1989 é ٫ [279]ϳ߳ ӻ鳷񳷻 ߻ سû۳ ٳݳݻ ߳ ѳ ݳ ۳ ӻ鳷 ijٳݳϳ۳ݦ ݳ 584 é ѻݳϻ γ г ٳ ϳ óݳ ݳ ųٳݳϳ ѳۻ ݳ ۳ ӻ鳷 ٻ [280] سû۳ ijٳݳϳ ϳ ݳ ﳷͻ ǵ Ͻݳյ ݳ г 74 ٳϳ ϳݻ 55- 񳵻 ѳ ϳ۳ 7- ϳϳ óݻݫ 12-

148
ٻϳ ϳݦ [281] سû۳ óݳ ݳ ٳݳϳ
 
ݳ "ճ۳" dz ݳ "г ۳" ﳷٳٵ ݳ ٳ 񳵻۳ ϳ۳ٵ ݳ ճ ϳ ѻᩩ "и 474 ݳ ٳݳ" и--474 é ݳ " г ػͳ" ٳ ϳ ϳ ݻ ݳ ݹ۳ ݳ ػ س ߳ϻݻ ٳ ݻ ߳ 492 é ߳ϳݻ ݻ ϳóݳ ߳ 474 é ѳ ݳ ۳ ٳ 񳵻۳ ݳݻ ݳϳ ݻ ѳݷݻݫ ݻ 470-482 é óݳ ݳ ۹ ݻݣ ɳݻ ݳ ٳϳ "" ٳ ݪ "ٳݳ" ٳϹ ٵ ճ ųٳݳϳ۳ ٻ س۳ ٳݪ 474 é ٳ ݻ ݳ "ݩ û г ػͳ" [282]
   û ۳ ٳݫ û ݳ ϳ ˳ ɳ ѳ۳ϳ ϳ ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ û ϳ٫ dzϳ ѳ۳ ѳٳ ѳ ݻݳ ϳݫ سû۳ ѳݳ۳ ٳ ݳ 񳽻 ݽ ӳٵ ݹ ѳ۳ ݳϳ ѳ 1992 é ٳ - ϳ۳ ųٳݳϣ

149
۹ سû۳ ݳ ǵ ѳͫ 1995 é ٻݳ۳ ٻ [283] ٻ ݻ ջݻ ѳٳӳݫ ѳ
   ػ ɳݻ dz ݫ ݳ ճ߳Ż ϳ dz 㿣 ݻ ݳ 5-7 ó ͪ ݳ ϳ ի ٳ ϳݻ ٳݻ ݪ ϳͻ ݻ [284] 1996 é ѻóϳ óٳݻ ٻ 糵 ۳ û ݳ ٻ絻 ۹ ٳ ݦ Moses KhorenacI is not quoted until the tenth century - by Thomas Arcruni [285] ٻ ݷ ٳϳ ѳٳ ߳ݳ ݻݣ
    ѻ ٻ ѳٳӳ ѳݻ ٻ ɳ ۳ û ٻ ݳٳϳ ݻ ѳݹ

150
ݳ, ݻ ѻ ϳٳϳ ѳ񳵻ݻ ٳ ﳷݻ ٻ ϳ볷 ۳ ݳ , û ۳, ٳݳݹ ݳ۳ ٻ ٻݻ ѻﳽ ѳٳ ɻ ݳ Ǧ ݳ 5- ͳͻ , ɳ٪ ۹ ٻݻ ߳ݳ, û ݳ ݳ ݳ۳ٵ ݻݦ [286]: ѳ ۹ ݦ ٳ ѻ ݳ ͳͳݳ óݻ ϳݳ ɦ , ϳ, ۳ ѳ۳ ݳݻ, û dz ݻ ݷɻ ٳݳ ѻ, ϳ ͳ ݻ:
   ٳ ٻ ѻ ϳ ۳ ϳ ǵ ݳdz۳ 峷 ٳ ߳ ݦ ϳ ɳ ϻ г۳ ݻ ϳdz ϳϳ ݹ ĩ- سѻ 1991 é ѳ ѻ۳
 
ųٳݳϳ ѻӷ ݳ ųٳݳϳ ѳ ߳ݳϻ ѻﳽݻ յݻ ջݻ 񳵻۳ɣ гݻ ѳ ϳ۳ݫ ųٳݳϳ۳ ѳϳ óٳ۳ ݳ٫ ϳϳͫ ѳݷݻ ݳ ۹ ݹ ٳ [287]

151
   ݳdz۳ ٳ dz ѻû ɻ ϻݻ ϳ٫ ѳ۳ݻ ۹ Ż ѳ۳ ݻǪ 100 ѳ û ϳ ݻݳ ݳ û ϳ ݻ 峫 ϳ ǫ ϳϳ ϳ ݳ ٳ ݻ ϳի ݻ ݻ ݻ ѳ۳۳ ݻ ϻͻ ѳ ǫ ٻ ݳѳٳٵ سѻ ѳ۳۳ ѳٳ ݳ˳ ϳ˳ ճ ٻ ٻ ݻ ϻݻ û DZ ݻݳ û ѳݹճϳ۳ٵ ϳ۳ٵ ݳ -Ǧ ݵų ٳ ϳٻ dzݻ ٳٻݻ ϳݫ ϳ٪ ٳ۳ݪ 1915-1922 é г ճ ϻݻݩ 㿱 ճ۳ ѳ ٻ ɫ ϳݻ ݻɫ ˳ - ݳϳ ݻ ϳ ѳٳ û ջ гϳϳ ճ û û ݳϳ ϳ ݻ ߳ ɳ ѳ û ѳۻ ջ 񳵻 ݳdz۳ г۳ ϳ dzݷٳ ߳ݻ ͳ ӻݻ ϳ ߻ ة 0ѳ۳ ٳ ѻճ ݳ [288]

152
    ѳ۳ ٳݳݻ 󳵻 ϳ 񳵻 ųٳݳ ٻ ѳݷٳ ݻ óû ϻݻ û ٵ ۳ ϳdzϳ ѳٳ ٻϳѳ۳ ݣ ϳݷݻ dz ٳݻ ܩ ۳ [289] ݳ ǫ ɻ ٻϳѳ ѳ ѳϳϳ г۳ ѳ۳ ٳ ѳ۳ ٳݳ ٵ ݳ ٳݳ ѳٳ ѳų ۹ѳݹ ѻ ѳٳ ݻ Ǫ ݳ ϻ ݻ -- ѳ۳ -- ѳﻫ û ݳ ٻ ۳ٵ ﳷͻ ӻ ݻ յݻ ѳϳ ۳ݫ ѳ ɫ û ϳ ɳ ϳ յݻ ݳ ϳ۳ ٻ ϳݫ ۹ ݳ ѳۻ óٳݻ ͳ dzݦ [290] ѳ۳Ǫ ϳ۳ ٻ ߳ Ϸݳѳ ѳ ϳ ѻݳݻ ٳ ϻóݦ ٳ

153
ͦ ٳ ѳ ϳݻ ݳݻ ݫ 񳵻 ݳ ߻ ѳݹ ݳ Ͻݳյݻ û۳ ˳ ѳϳ ݪ ˳ ٻݳ [291] ѳ۳ ۳ ݫ ѻ ٵ ϳ ѳ ݳݻ ݣ Ʊ ٻ ѳݳ ٻϳѳ ٳ ѳݹ ٳٵ ݳ ϳ ݳ ӻ ѻݳ ϻͳ ۳ ٳݳݹ û ϳ ݻݳ ѳݷٳ ѳ۳ ׳ ϳ ѳϳϳ ϳ ݳ۳ Ͻݳյ ݻ۳ ݳ г 񳵳۳ ϳ ѳۻ ݳ ׳٤ γ ϳ ˳ճ ѳݷٳ ٻ ѳٳٵ ݻ۳ ϳٳٵ ۳ ׳ ѳ ݻճ ϻ 񹻷 г۳ ݻ ϳdz ݻ ճ ж ٳ۳ ݹ ݻ ٳݤ ݳ 1986 é г۳ݪ ٳݳ ϳժ ݳ۳ ѳ ϳ۳ ͫ 糽 ݣ ѳ۳ ۳ ݳ˳ ۹ ݪ ݻϳ۳ٵ ˳ ѳ۳۳ ݳϳݻ ųݳɣ
    ѳݷٳ ѳ۳ǫ ݳ ٳ ٻϳѳۻ ٻ۳ ٻͳϳ - ժ ѳϳݳǤ ͻɳϻ ݫ ѳ۳ ѳ ϳͻ û ٻ۳

154
г٫ û ˳ ٻݳϳ ѳٳ ݹ ﳹ ϻ ѳ۳ ǫ ݫ س۳ سݳ ݳ۳ݻ ߳ݳ ӻ鳷 ͳ۳ٵ ۳ٵ ѳ۳ ٳݳ dz ˳ ɻ ϳݫ ݽ ݳ۳ݻ ó٫ ߳ ݳϳݫ г۳ ӻ ѳ۳۳ ٻݳѽ ϻ 㹻 û ݷ ݳ ϻͳ۳ ٳɳݻ ѳ۳ϳ ϳ ϳ ٳϳ ݻ ɳݻ ݫ [292]
    ѳݷٳ ǽ ѳٳճϳ ٻ۳ ﳹ ѳݻݣ ѳ۳ ѳٳ ϳ ݹ ݻ ݻ ߳ݳ ٻ۳ ٻݳѻݳϳ ѳٳݻ ٻǪ UCLA- ٵݻ ٻ ջϳ û ݳ ѳϳٳ۳ ٻ ݻ ߳ ѽ Ż ݳ۳ٵ ѳݹ ϻ-ѳ۳ϳ ѻ
    ѳų ѳ۳ ѻ ݻݳ ѳ ۳ ͳ ųٳݳϳ ѳ ٳݫ ϳ٪ Ͻ ͳóݳ ѳٳ˳ ٵ ݣ

155

3.2. ߻ óٳ۳ ۳ 񳷳ݻ

   г ٳ۳ ˷ ݷdz ˳ ׳ ׳ ݻϳ۳ݻ ѻ ݫ ѳݹ ѳϳѳǫ ѳ ᷻ ӻ ϻ ѳ ϻ ϻ ѳϳϳ ݻݦ óٳݻݦ ݳ ߳ ѳݻ ѻ ѻ ѳ ѳ ٳϳ ٻ ϳǪ ߻ г ٳݦ ߳ ͳ۳ γ û ɻ ٳݳ ջϳݳ ϳݻ ٳݫ û ߻ ϳ ϳ ˳ -۳ϳ ϻ ݳ ó û سϳۻݻ [293] ǫ ߻ û ӳٵ ٳݳ 450-451 é ѳ ٵ۳ ϳ ݻ 6- ݳ۳ ϳ ߦ [294]

156
ϳ ݻ ݳϳ ѻϳ ѻݻ ϳݻ ѻ ϳϳ ѳ ݫ û ߻ ǵ Գ ѳݻ ϳ ݹӳ ߳ ϳݳ ٳ [295] ͫ ߻ ѳ ٳϳ Ż ݻ ջݻ ѳ ݣ ۹ ٵ ٻݳݻ ߳ ѳ ѳݷٳ ٻ
 
л ߻ ٳɻ ϳݰ ߷ ϳ ѳ ջݻ ѳ ճϳ ϳ 鳽ٳϳ ۳ ѻﳽݻ:
[In consequence, Elishes fascinating achievement affords litle precise or reliable information to the student of Armenian political or military history.] [296]
    ϳ ߻Ǫ ϳ ݷɻ óٳ ٻ ɫ û ϳ 1982 é ۹ ݻ г۳ ϳdzݫ س۳ سݳ ϳ гٳ ߳ ٳݻ ݻݳ 5- ѳ ٳݳ ٳݻ ׳ ϳݻ ѳϳѳϳϳ ó 㹻 ٫ г۳ ϳ ѳٳ

157
׳ ѳ ۳ ߳ϻݻ ϳٳϻ ɳݳͳ ѳӳٳ 㻽 ߳ û ͻ ݹ
    ٻ ϵ ٳݻ ߳ Ǫ ߻ ݳ ѻ۳ ݻ
        ݳ ݳ۳ 񳷳٫ ۳ ߻ ٳ ճ ٳݳϳ ϳ ߻ dz ϳ˳ϳ ϳݻ ѳٳ˳ ѻݳݻ ͻ ݳϳ٫ ݻ 1930-ϳ-1940-ϳ é ǻݳ ó۳ dz۳ ݹ ܻ ۳ û [297] û 糵ݦ [298] ݹ񳹳ݳ ݳ ۳ ݳ ߻ ݹ -ݳ۳ ٳ ݳݻ [299] ݳ ۹ ɪ ۳ ٻ -ݳ۳ ѳ ߳ͣ λͳ ۻ ݳ ٻ ׳ݻ dzݷٳ ѳϳݳǫ

158
-ݳ۳ ٳ ˻ ۳ ϳ ѻ ݻ ݻϳ۳ݻ ǵ ã ϻ ѻݳϫ ٳϳ ٫ ݳϫ Ƿ ػ ٳ ѳ ݹ񳹳 г سݳݹ۳ ۹ ѳ ϳ ٻݳ۳ 糹 ݻ ѳ ݻ ϳ٫ ݹѳϳ ѻ ۹ ٫ ѳ ǩ ѻݳ ݳ 㿰 ݳѳϳ ų -ݳ۳ ߻ϳ ѻﳽݻ ݣ
    -ݳ۳ ųٳݳ ߳ ϳ ߻ ѳ ݳ۳ ٳ ó
 
۹ ݻ Ͻ٫ ݳ۳٫ ߳ ݳ ݳϳ ۳ݫ ܩ ɻ۳ ѻﳷ٫ ݳ 񳵻۳ ճ ݳ ݳݻ ݳ ߻ 񳵻۳ ݳݻ ӫ ݫ ݳ ݳ˳ϳ ѳ۳ϳ ѳݻ ǩ ߻ ѳݹ ǵ ϳ ϻ ٻݳ ٳ۳ݫ ݳ ٳݳ ݳ۳ݦ ܩ ۳ݤ [300]
    ó ߳ͫ ݳ ϻ - 1960-ϳݻ 1990-ϳݻ ϳ ųٳݳϳݣ û ٻ۳ ѳ۳۳ݦ dz Ω ٳ

159
߻ ѳ ݹݻ û ߳ ӻ -ݳ۳ ݻ ٳ [301] ݻ ӻݫ û ۹ ϳ ϳ ǣ û ϳ ѻû ׳鳵ݻ ߻ ߻ г Ǧ ųݳѳ۳ ۳ -- ݳ ɳ -- ϳ ѳ û -ݳ۳ ݹӳ ݳݻ [302] ߻ 񳵻 ٳ ߳ ˳ݻ ٻ ѳ ݳݻ ʳ۳ ݳݫ ѻݳ ѳٻٳϳ ۳ óϻ Գ ߻ 鳽ٳϳ ۳ 񳵻 ѳݻ û ٳûٳϳϳ ۳ٵ 450-451 é ѳ ݳ ߻ ͳ ջݻ ѳ [303]
        ߻ ѳ ѻ ϩ ѳݷ ٵ ѳ ٳ ݻ -ѳ ϻ ˳ݣ ѳ û
 
ݳϳ ѳ û ϳ ߻ ۳ݻ ѳɳͳݻ ٳ۳ ߳ٳ ǽݳϳ ϳݳ

160
 
ݻ ϳ ݫ ջݻ ϳ ϳ ųٳݳϳ ϳݳݫ û ߳ ٻݳ ݣ
߻ ݹ ϳݳ ݻ ٳݪ ϳ ѳɳ ݻɫ ѳϳϳ ݻ ջ ٳϳ ѳ ϳݳ ϳ ׳ݳ ǵ ﳹݻ sic - ɻ-׳ϳ ѳ ݹ٫ Ƿ ٳ óݷ ٻݳ 5- ѳǦ ûٳ ѳٳ ݳ ߻ݫ ѳϳϳ յݻ س۳ ճ ݳ ݹݻ ǵ ػ س ߳ϻ ݻ ǵ 5- ݻ ٳ ѳϳ г۳٫ ϳ ׳ݳ ݳ۳ݻ ó - û ݳϳݻ ݹݻ л ݳ ׳ݳ ߻ ǵ ϻ ﳹ ѻ dz ѻݳ ݹٳ [304]
    ɫ ݻ ѳ ݻ ϻ ٻٳϳ ߳ݻ (parahistorical texts) û ٳ۳ ѳի ϳ ѳ ջݻ ݳ ͻ [305]

161
    ݻǪ г۳ ջ ߳ó ݳ Ϸ ϻ ѻû ϻǪ 8- ݳݫ - ѳ ӳ ͫ ݻ ݻ г۳ ۳ ٳݫ ϻ 5- ѻݳϫ ѳ ߳ǫ ۳ݫ ճϳ ݳ˳ ݻϳ۳ݻ ѳ ۹ ݣ
    ݻ ѳ ٳ۳ ٳϳ ݫ ݽ ϳ ݳ۳ г۳ ߳ó ջɫ ݻ óϳ ݻݳ ѳٳϳ ѳٳٵ ۳ ѳ ٳ ϻݻ û ϻ ѳٳ ѳ ۳ ݹݻ ٳݫ - ѳݻǫ ѳ ѳϳϳ ٳ۳ݻ 1500- ۳ ϻ [306] л ݳ ߻Ǫ ųٳݳ ٳ ѳݻ ͳ ݣ û ۹ ѳݻ ϻ ݻݫ ųٳݳ ϳ ѻ ѳ ٪ ݳ ݳ ݳݻ ϻͳ ݻ ˳ 19-20- ٣ 㹻 ѳ ݳ۳ ˳ ٳݳ dz ݻ ݳ ߻ 5- ϳݻ ɻ ϻ볷ϳ ٳٳݻ ѳ ٻ ٳݣ ߳ ݳ

162
ٳѳ ݻ ׳ݦ ٳݳ ի ճѳ ݳϳ ӻϻݻ ϳ ٳٳ ׳鳵 ϳݻ ѳ۳ݻ ݫ ݻ ݻϳ۳ ݳ ϳ ݳݻ٪ ٳ ݳ ϳ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ׳ݳϳ ٻ [307] 񳵻 ݳ ߻ [308]
    ݳ ߻ ѳ׳ ϻ ѳ ݳ ǵ ۳ϳ ٻݳ ݻ ٳ ߻ ٳݳ ó ǹ ݳϻ볷 [309] û ͳݻ ɳ ۳ ϻǣ û 㿫 ۹ ٳ ۳ٵ 㿫 ݣ ܳ ׳ ϻ ճ ݳϻ볷ϳ ٳٳݻ ݻ ѳ۳ ٻݳ ׳ݣ ϳݫ ٳ ѳ ϳ ѳ۳ݻ ݽ ٵݻ ϻݻ ѳ ٳ۳ݫ ٵ ѳ ٳ ѳϳ ݣ ѻ ߻ ѳ۳

163
ݳϳݻ ۹ , ݳ ѳٳ ٻͳ ѳ » ó ( ݳϳݻ ٻͳٳ г۳), ϻ , [It is perhaps unwise to assume (with the generality of scholars in Armenia) that Moses is being more candid here than elsewere] [310]: γ ٪ ۹ ߳ ˻ ѳ ݻ ѳݻ ϻͦ ݻ, ϻݻ , ݳӻ ѳٳӳݪ ݳ ߳ ݳϻ볷:
   ߻ ϳ ѳݷٳ ۳ ѳ ѳۻ ٳ۳ݻ ݫ ٻ ѳɫ ϳ ݫ ݳ ׳ϳﳷ ݪ ݹ ϻ ٻ ٳϳ ջݻ ݷݳѳ ٻ ٵ [311] ѳ ݻ ݳ ߻ ٳ ٻ ݻ ݻ dz ѳ ݻ ѻ ϳ ٳ ݳѳϳ ѳ ٳݳ۳ ݫ ݻ ӻ ݻɣ
    񳵻 óݷݫ ѳ۳۳ ݵ ݳ ѳ ѳ óݷ ѻݳ dzݷٳ ݹݻ ݳ ѳ ϳ ݫ ݳ˳ ϳ ݻ 4- ٪ ݳ ѻ ѳ ѻ ߳ ߳ 5- ٣ ѳ۳

164
ѳ óݷ [312]
    ۳ ѳ۳۳ݦ ݳϳ Ͻݻ ݫ ٻ ͳ

        ϳ Ͻݳյݻ ѳݻ ѳϳ ϳ߳ ˳ݻݫ

        ϳ ϳ ѳϳ ϳ߳ ϳݻݣ

   -- Ǫ ۳ 峷ݹϳ ٻṳ۳ٵ ݻϳ۳ ͹ ѻݳ ϳϻɫ ϻ ճ߳Ż ϻ ͪ ٻ ۳ ٫ ϳ ٳ û 1837 1937 ϳ
   γ ߳۳ ۳ ٻ -ϳ ϳ ӻݳǣ ػ ٻݳϳ ѻݻ ٻ ϳ˳ϳ û óٳݻ ϳ ﳷ ǵ ѻ յ ݳ ѻ ٳ ѳٻٳ۳ݣ
   ݫ 1978 ϳ ݳ г ۳ݦ ݷɻ ˳ ۳ٵ ѳ ٳ۳ ˳ ѳ ݷdz ϳ ݳݻ ݳ [313] ϳ ݳ ߻Ǫ ѳ

165
ٳϳ ݹݻ ݳ ѳի ѻﳷ ߳ ݹݻ ѳݳϳ dzϳͫ ݳ г ݦ ѻ 1982 é ۳ óٳ ѻ ݳ г ۳ݦ ϳ ߻ ݷɻ óٳݻ 1830 é Ω ٳ 1952 é Щ ۳۳ [314] ٻ۳ ѳ۳۳ݦ ϳ ݻϳ۳ ݳϣ 1983 é ٵdz ѳٳ ݳ ۳ ջϳ۳ٵ ϳ ݳ ( ٪ ѳٳϳ ˳) [315] ᵻ ۳ ѳݹ ϳ ߳۳ г۳ ϳ ͳϳ ݹӳ ݳ۳ٵ [316] ݳ ó Ͻݳյݻ
 
[Ͻݳյݻ] ۳ ѳݻ [eliminate] ݹ ݹ ǵ 5- ͳݻ ݪ ߻ г ٳݦ г ݳݣ
񳵻 ݳݫ û ͳ ϳ ٵ ˳ 8- ݩ ݳ ջݻ ٳݳϻ ͳóݻ ٻ [317]

166
    ճ 㵳ϳɪ ݳ ѳ۳ݻ ˳٣ dz û ϳ Ż ϳ ݻݳ ѳ զ ͫ û ѳ ûٳϳ ٳ ٻݳѳ ջݻ ݳ ݳϳ Ͻݳյݻ 㿫 ӳ ݣ ϻݻ ϳ ߳ٳ ٳǫ ݻ 1848 é س ݷ ϳ ٳ ѻ ѳ û ѻݳݻ 20- ۹ 1940-ϳ é ǯ ѳݳݻ ϳ ݻ ۹ ٣ ϳ٫ óٳݻ ջ û ѳ ٳ۳ ѳ ɳ ݳ۳ ٻ ݻ ݹѳϳ ϳ ݳݻ ݳ ѳݻ ٻݹ ѻ յݻ ϻ ۳ٵ - ݳ ˳ݻ ϳ ݳ ݫ ۳ 糵ݻ ѳۻ ϻ dz óٳݻ ɻ ݳ [318] )
    ߻ ۳ óٳݻ ݳ ݹǫ Գ ӳϻ г ݻ

167
û г۳ ݦ гۻ ݦ History of the Armenians [319] ߻ ˳
    ݳ ϳ񹳪 ѳ ۳ݤ ߳ ߳ݳ ٵ ó ݫ ջ dz ݫ ϳ ѳݹ ݳ 8- ѻݳ [320] 1995 é ߳ϻݻ ٻ û ٳdz ϻ ӳݳ ϳ û [321] ݳ۳ٵ ѳݹ ϳ ݳ [322] ٻ ѳ۳ ݻ ݳ ѳ ٳ۳ ѳ۳ݻ [323] ݳ ݹϳ ϻ۳ ѳ ٻ ݳ ó û ǽϳ ݳݦ dz ѳ۳ϳ ͻ ɻ ѳϳϳ ߳ յݻ ݳ ϻ ͦ [324]

168
    񳵻 ѳ۳۳ ѳ۳ϳ ѳٳݫ ɫ ݻ û ݪ ϳ ϻͳݻ ѻ - ٳٵ ݳ ٵ ٤ ѳ۳ݳ ݻ۳ٵ dz ϻ-ѳ۳ϳ ٵ ѻ ݫ ѳ۳۳ݦ ۳ ۳ ߳ Ż ϻ ѳٳ ѽ ٻ ݳ۳ ó٫ ϻͳϳ ݹ ˳ݻ ϳ ۹ ۳ ѳٳ ϳ ϳdzϳݦ ѻ ճϳ ϳ ۳ ٻݳݻ ӻ ѳٳ˳ ѳϳϳ [325] ϻͳ۳ ѻ ѳ ݷݻ ׳ ϻݻ ѳ ۳ ߳ ٳݣ ۳ 񳽻 ѳ ݻ ݻ ѻ ݳ ѳϳѳϳϳ 峷ݹ ѽ έ ɻ û ϳݳ ӻ Ż ͳۻݻ г۳ ѳ ߳ѻݣ
ܳ    г

ݹ     ˳

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