ϳ

1. 19- 20- Ͻ ٳ۳ dz ϳٳٵ ݷdzϳ ϳ ϳ ݳݻ ٳݻ ﻰ Christopher J Walker "Greenmantle's Absent Armenians A Study of Anglo-Ottoman Attitudes" Armenian Review Winter 1992 Vol 45 #4/180 pp 1-38

2 Christopher J Walker" ed" Armenia and Karabakh The Struggle for Unity Foreword by Gerard Chaliand London Minority Rights Publications" 1991" p 3

3.  ݳϫ John J Maresca The Endof the Cold War is Also Over Stanford University: Center for International Security and Arms Control April 1995 pp 1-23 , : , - (), No.42, 6-12 , 1998.

4.  ٻ ۳ݫ Գ񳵳۳ ѳϳٳ۳ ϳ г۳ ᳽ٳϳ ݷ ٻݳ۳ ٻ ݫ "г۳" "г" 1998

5. ݳ ۳ ϻ볷ϳ ٳٳݳݻ ﻰ From Byzantium to Iran Armenian Studies in Honour of Nina G Garsoian Atlanta Georgia Scholars Press 1997 pp XIII-XV

6. гٳ ϻ볷ϳ ﻰ R Hewsen Russian-Armenian Relations 1700-1828 Cambridge Mass Society for Armenian Studies 1984 p [I] Preface

7. гϳ ѳ ѻ۳ ˳ Louise Nalbandian The Armenian Revolutionary Movement: The Development of Armenian Political Parties Through the Nineteenth Berkeley University of California Press 1963

8 Mary Kilbourne Matossian The Impact of Soviet Policies in Armenia Leiden Netherlands E J Brill 1962 Ż ˳ ѳۻ óٳݻ ϻ ϳ ϳϳ

9 ̳ ٵdz ѳٳ ݳ ϳ ׳ݪ Ina Baghdiantz The Armenian Marchants of New Julfa Some Aspects of Their International Trede in the Late Seventeenth century۩ Ph D dissertation Unpublished Dissertation Columbia University 1993

10. Robert H. Hewsen, Review of Ronald Grigor Sunys Looking toward Ararat: Armenia in Modern History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993, American Historical Review October, 1994, p. 1357.

11 Ronald Grigor Suny The Revenge of the Past Nationalism Revolution and the Collapse of the Soviet Union Stanford CA Stanford University Press 1993 p XII

12 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit pp 4-5

13 , 5:

14 ٫ é 7

15  ݳϫ гϳϳ ϳ ѳݫ ѩ 1 ݫ 1974 373 Enciclopedie de l'Islam Nouvelle edition Tome I Leyde-Paris EJ Brill 1960 p 475; Enciclopedia Britannica -Vol 2 Chicago-London-Toronto 1961 p 536

16 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 193

17 Richard Hovannisian ed The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern times Vols 1-2 New York St Martin's Press 1997 p 37

18  ݳϫ . . , - - . . , 1947 ۳ݩ г ݩ ݳ˳ ݣ ݫ 1987 Ǫ "гϳϳ ߻ ϳ " " , "Ȼϳ ۳ݻ ѳ ݳ˳ݻϳ ѳݻ ٳ" -- ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1986 N 1 1988 No 1 2 1992 No 1 ܩ ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ʩ ۳ݩ -г۳ݣ ݫ 1988 ٳ۳۳ݩ ó۳ ϳ ݫ 1990

19  ݳϫ R D Wilkinson Introduction to the History of Pre-Christian Armenia Cambridge Mass Society for Armenian Studies 1983 pp 3-6 72 notes 8 and 9; Edward Gulbekian "Why did Herodotus Think the Armeninas Were Phrygian Colonist" Armenina Review 44 3-175 Autum 1991 pp 65-70

20 . . , . . , . . . . , 2- . , 1984 ˳ ϳ ɻݻ ݳ ݷɻݣ  ݳ L Luca Cavalli-Sforza Paolo Menozzi Alberto Piazza The History and Geography of Human Genes Princenton University Press 1996 pp 264-265; Colin Renfrew Archeology and Language the Puzzle of Indo-European Origins London Jonathan Cape 1987; Colin Renfrew "The Origins of Indo-European Languages" Sci Am 2614 pp 106-114 1989 A B Dolgopolski "The Indo-European homeland and lexical contacts of Proto-Indo-European with other languages"Mediterr Lang Rev Harassowitz 3:7-31 Merrit Ruhlen The Origin of Language Tracing the Evolution of the Mother Tongue Toronto John Wiley & Sons Inc 1994 pp 186-188

21 Suny, Lookingbtoward Ararat, op. cit., p. 7.

22 ٫ p 8

23  é 18

24 ٫ p 7 Ronald Grigor Suny The Revenge of the Past op cit p 175 note 72

25 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 8

26 гѳ 1993 é г۳ ɻ ϳ ݪ ٻ ѳ۳ ɳ ݷ ߳ 񵳷

27 ٫ p 7:

28 Vol 2 Chicago-London-Toronto 1961 pp 380-381

29 ׻ݻ ﻰ ۳ݩ ߻۳ ѳ۳ ݻ ǻݳ 1969 ʩ ߻۳ݩ г۳ ٳϳ ӻ ݫ 1973

30  г۳ Ʊ ٻ ݻ ݫ 1989 55 61-62

31 ٫ 55

32 . . , . . , . . , . . , Rhesus , ( ) 30, 2, 1994 , . 274.

33 Strabo Geography Compiled and transl by F Lasserre Paris 1975 book XI Chapters 14 5 Coll G Bude vol VIII p 123 ѳٳ ٳٳ ﻰ ۳ݩ ٩ ػ г ݩ - [Identitas] ݫ γٳ 1995 91-93

34 ó ߩ ǣ ˳۳ٵ ۳ǩ ݫ 恵 1975 365 γݳ г Щ ˳۳ٵ 쳽 г۳ǩ ݫ 恵 1964 231

35 ϳ ݹᷳdz dzɳϳ ѻݻ ٳ ﻰ . . , . ,1983, . 206-207.

36 سٳݻ ٳݳ۳ ѳٳ ﻰ г۳ ˩ 51-61 75-86 102104 132 136-137

37  س ɳ۳ݫ г ۳ ˻ճ ٳ۳ ٻ ݫ 1995 46

38 Suny Looking toward Ararat op sit p 193

39 ٳ ٳٳ ﻰ . . , . . . . - - , . 6, , 1976, . 15-41.

40 Strabo Geography Compliled and transl by F Lassere Paris 1975 book XI 4 6

41 ۹ ջ ۳ 20- ݻ ٳ ﻰ . . , - - . , 1987 ݹٻ ٻݳ ϻ ݻϳ۳ ݳ ݫ Revue des Etudes Armeniens Vol XXI Paris 1988-1989 pp 485-495 ݳ 䳳ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1987 No 3 166-189 ѳϳ 167-168 172-175

42 Shireen T Hunter The Muslim Republics of the Former Soviet Union Policy Challenges for the United States" The Washington Quarterly Summer 1992 pp 59-62

43 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 193

44 ѳ ѳٳ ٳݳ ﻰ ݳϫ Christopher J Walker ed Armenia and Karabakh op cit pp 73-79 138 note 19 ﻰ ݳ ݻ ѻ۳ ݪ . . , 1991.

45 . . , . . , . . , ⅔, . ., .. 271-275.


46 ݳϫ . . , : ,- - , . 448- 456 ӳ 񳵻 ݳݻ ٳݳ ﻰ Gandzasar Dokuments of Armenian Architecture Document di Architettura Armena Milano Italia 1987 pp 22-25 ӳ ӳݳݻ ۹ ѳ ݳ-ϳݻ ѻ۳ ٪ ۳ݫ ӳ ݫ г۳ݦ 1981

47 1993 é ѻ ۹ ٻ ǻ ߳۳ݫ ﻰ Ronald Grigor Suny The Revenge of the Past op cit p XII ϳ

48  ݳ۳ ɳ-軽 ݩ »ݫ 1982 ϩ óٳ 1993 é  ݳ Shireen T Hunter The Transcaucasus in Transition Nation-Building and Conflict Washington DC: The Center for Strategic & International Studies 1994 pp 14-15 190

49 See Suny king toward Ararat op cit p 269 note 1 281

50 Ronald Grigor Suny "The Karabagh Problem A Historical Perspective" The Armenian Mirror-Spectator November 14 1987 p 8

51 y Looking toward Ararat p cit p 214

52 ϳ ٳ۳ û ٳٳ ݻϳ۳ ѻ۳ ٪ س ɳ۳ݫ г ۳ ˻ճ ٳ۳ ٻ ˩ Clive Foss "The Turkish View of Armenian History A Vanishing Nation" in The Armenian Genocide History Politics Ethics ed by Richard G Hovannisian New York: St Martins Press 1992 p 254

53  Kamuran Gurun The Armenian File The Myth of Innocence Exposed London-Nicosia-Istanbul Published jointly by K Rustem & Bro and Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd 1985 p 15

54 ٫ p 10

55 ٳ ٳٳ ﻰ ˳۳ ٳ٫ ѳϳ 138-140

56  Vahakn N Dadrian The History of the Armenian Genocide Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus Providence & Oxford: Berghahn Books 1995 p 444

57  ѻ۳ ϳ٪ Christopher J Walker "THE ARMENIANS IN HISTORY AND THE ARMENIAN QUESTION BY ESAT URAS An English translation of the revised and expanded second edition pp XIV 1048 Ankara documentary Publication 1988"Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 1990 No 1 p 166 ۳ ѳۻ óٳ ﻰ Ϧ ϳ 1991 é ٳ 31- ѳٳ٫ 9-10

58 Esat Uras The Armenians In History And The Armenian Question An English translation of the revised and expanded second edition pp XIV 1048 Ankara documentary Publication 1988 p 1034

59  س ɳ۳ݫ ݻ г ϳ 1992 974 - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1997 No 1 267

60 سٳݻ ﻰ س ɳ۳ݩ г ۳ ˻ճ ٳ۳ ٻ ˩ 28 42 60

61 Ronald G Suny Armenia in the Twentieth Century Chico CA Scholars Press 1983 p 83

62  Mary Kilbourne Matossian- Armenian Review-٫ 1984 37 89-91

63 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 55

64 ӷ ѳݻ û ѳۻ ﳷ۳ г۳ǰ ﳷ۳ Ͻ г۳ ﳷͻ dz ݻ ݽ ѳۻ ٳٻϳݻ ˳۳ ݳ ٫ dz٫ ٫ Ω

65 ۳ г۳ ݳ ϳ гϳϳ ݳdz ٳݫ ѻû

66 y Looking toward Ararat op cit p 55-56

67 , p. 56

68  ܩ ϳ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ة ɻݫ г 1512-1800 é г ݳ ٳݳݣ 糵 ܩ ϳ۳ǫ ٵ۳ٵ ˳۳ǫ ݫ 1988 1-441

69 , . , . . . , 1973, . 18.

70  é 52 M Brosset Collection d'historiens armeniens Livre d'histoire compose par le vartabied Arakel de Tauriz t 1 St Petersbourg 1874 p 267-608

71  Ȼ ݳ۳ݫ ճ 峷 ճ 1972  ݳ ۻ ˳۳ݫ г ۳ݩ Щ 1 ݫ 1977 351-379

72  ܩ ϳ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ة ɻݩ г 1512-1800 é 88-90 116-118 126-129 331 338 415-416

73  . . , : . : ,1990, . 144-145 1748 峷 ݹѳ dz 18- ݤ Ʃ ة ɳ۳ݫ гϳϳ 峷 ٳ۳ ϳ ѳۻ ϳ 峷ϳ ݩ -- ػӳ ݻ - XII dz ݫ 1985 98-114

74  - 賽 ٵǩ óǻ ϻݪ ³ϳ ͻ » 1973 é

75  . , . , . . . 1, , 1946, . 387.

76 ٣

77 ٫ p 58

78  ۳ݩ ͻ ѳ ٳϳ۳ ۳ݫ -ĺ ݫ 1958 302

79  ܻ ۳ݫ ջ 1500-1704 ǻݳ 1952

80 гۻ ӻ鳷 ſ ߳ϳݻ 1641-1660 é γٻ 쳽 г۳ݩ ݫ 1984 537

81  Щ ݳݻݫ ϳ 񹳳 ݳٳϳݩ - ٳ妫 1967 6-8 133

82 Щ ԩ ۳ݫ XVII ѳ ۳ϳ ݳϳ ݩ ݫ 1983 148 é 216

83  Żǫ û ˳۳ٵ ȩ ʳɳ۳ǫ ݫ 1990 321

84  ݳϫ г ݩ 4 ݫ 1972 437-450

85  ܩ ϳ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ة ɻݫ г 1512-1800 é 263-264 278-279

86  ک © -ѳݻ ճ ۲-ѳݩ ճ 1881 118-119 ٳٳ ٻ ۳ݫ г ϻջ û 1665 1693 é - ճϳë ٵɫ 1996 峷۳ ٻ ݳ۳ ѳٳ г۳ г û 26 ٳ 1995 é 6 ѻ۳ γϳ ݻ 񳵻 ϳ 1665 1693 é

87 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 4

88 ٫ p 27

89  ݳϫ ѻ۳ ˳ݻ ۳ݩ ͻ ѳ ٳϳ۳ ۳ݫ ˩ ۳۳ݫ ѳ ǣ γ 1946 ݳ˳ ݻ۳ ٳ٦ ߳ ˳ݫ ݹٻ ѳϳϳ ۳ ѳ ׻׻۳ݫ ܳ г ų ſ ݫ 1998

90  ݳϫ ۳ݫ ϳݳϳ ճϳ ˳ݻ ݳ۳ г۳٩ ݫ 194

91 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 54

92 ٳ ϻ ϳ г ݳ۳ ճ гϳϳ ٳݳݩ - ѳݻ ݫ 1959 1978

93 ۳ݫ г ɻ ϳ ݫ 1969 Ǫ г 鳷۳ ݻݩ ݫ 1972 Ǫ г ݩ ݳ˳ ݩ ݫ 1987

94 The Life and Adventures of Joseph Emin an Armenian written in English by himself 2nd ed first published in London in 1792 Calcutta Baptist Mission Press 1918 p 5

95  R Dankoff Armenian Loanwords in Turkish Wiesbaden Harrassowitz 1995 Uwe Blasing Armenishe lehngut im Turkeiturkishen am Beispiel von Hemsin Amsterdam-Atlanta GA 1992 ݳ ݳݻ ѳݹ ϻ ݳ ѳ۳ ٳݳݻ ﻰ ݳϪ ʳ ۳ݫ гۻ ˳۳ ٩ - ػӳ ݻ ݻ XII dz ݫ 1985 143-164 Ǫ гۻ ˳۳ ٩ ݫ 1996 ܻ ۳ݫ гۻ ѳ ˳ݻ -- ػӳ ݻ ݻ XVI 1996 230-243

96  Esat Uras The Armenians In History And The Armenian Question op cit p 333

97  Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 1990 No 1 p 167

98 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 56 pp 18 55

99 Esat Uras The Armenians In History And The Armenian Question op cit p 329 333

100 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 7

101 Strabo Geographi opcit book XI Chapters 14 5 Coll G Bude vol VIII p 123

102 The New Enciclopedia Britannica (Fifteenth ed., 1984, Macropedia, Vol. 2), p 23.

103 Suny, Looking toward Ararat, op. cit., p. 7.

104 ݻ ѳݳ ϳ û 4- г ϳ ܻ ػ Nerses the Great 12- ܻ ѳ ѻ 1100 é ٳѳ 1173 é 13-ݣ ݪ ѳݳǪ ܻ ٳ 1129 é

105  ۳ ϳݻ ݷɻ ݳ óٳݻ Щ ʳٳ۳ݩ é ߳ϫ 1958 154-157 The Life and Adventures of Joseph Emin an Armenian pp 140-143

106  Ronald Suny "Some Notes on the National Character Religion and Way of Life of the Armenians"unpablished paper presented at the Lel-io Basso Foundation conference Venice October 18-20 1985 p 4; ٻ絻 ѻ۳ ٪ Nora Dudwick "Armenia the nation awakens" in Bremmer I and Taras  eds Nations & Politics in the Soviet Successor States Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1993 pp 261-287 at 264 note 25 p 281

107 ٣

108 The Cambridge History of Iran Vols 6 7 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1986 1991

109  ݳϫ ϳ ݻ ͪ 16-18 û [Chick H the compiler] A Chronicle of the Carmelites in Persia and the Papal Mission of the XVIIth and XVIIIth Centuries Vol I-II London Eyre & Spottiswoode 1939 ݷdz ѻݳݻ ݳϳ ϳ ݳݻ г۳ ѳۻ ٳ ﻰ Christopher Walker Visions of Ararat London 1997 г۳ ٳ ϳ յݻ ٳٳ ﻰ س ɳ۳ݩ г 13-18- ۳ ѳ ѻݳݻǣ - ճϳ ٳݩ ݫ 1990

110 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 95 Suny "Nation-making Nation-breaking The End of the Ottoman Empire and the Armenian Community"a paper prepared for presantation at the colloquium on "The Historian Nationalism and the End of Empire" at Prinston University, May 3, 1996, p.6.

111 - (17.). , . . (: . , 1973), .54. ųٳݳ Щ ۳ ϳ ϳ۳ ߳ ˳ݻ ݻ ۳ г۳ ۳ ۳ ϫ ݳ ػ г ϳ 17- ۳ г۳ û ݷ ɳۻê ۹ γ ɹ г ۳ г۳ ѻ ﻰ Щ ۳ݩ ۳ǵ-ɻ ѳ-ٳݦ- յ г۳ ٳϳ ˳ѳ۳ݩ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1966 No 4 35 230-231

112 ٫ 90

113  Katip Celepi Hayati ve eserleri hakkinda incelemeler Ankara 1957 - ٳ ﻰ Щ ۳ݩ ۳ǵ-ɻ ѳ-ٳݦ յ г۳ ٳϳ ˳ѳ۳ݫ ˩ 232

114  ݳϫ гϳϳ ϳ гݩ Щ 6. ݫ 1980 121

115  ѳ۳ݩ ݻ ѳ ﳷϳ ۳ݩ ݩ ݫ 1957 33- 57 66 76-78 - ׳ݳ ۳ ѳɣ ѳ۳ ϳ ɻݹ - - 65-88 ѳ 66 é ó ܻ û ٻݻɫ ٻ ɳݻ ѳ ݻ ݻ ݳ û ٩ é 1-ݫ 3- ӳ ǣ 񳵻 ѳ ݻǷݻ ݹݫ 233 é ɻݹ ݻ ϳ ۳ ϳ ѳ۬ ٻϳ ѻ лﳷ ѳϳϳ ݹ ѳ۳ٵ ٳݳϳ ջ ٫ 237 é ݻɫ ϳ ݣ ӳݳ ٻϳ յݻ ﻰ г ݩ II ݫ 1984 34 Aellus Lampridius Alexander Severus 61 8 Scriptores Historiae Augustae Hohl vol1 Lipsiae 1927; Herodianus Ab excessu divi Marci libri VII 2 Ed K Stavenhagen Lipsiae 1922; "Trebelli Polionis" Tyranni triginta 32 3 Scriptores historiae Augustae ed Hohl vol II Lipsiae 1927 p 132  ݳ R D Wilkinson Introduction to the History of Pre-Christian Armenia op cit p 62

116  Heinricus Brunner Epitomae commentariirum Moyasis Armeni de origine et regibus armenorum et parthorum etc Stockholmiae 1723 p 96 - ٻ絻 ﻰ ѳ۳ݩ ݻ h ﳷϳ ۳ݩ ݩ 恵 1959 315 ݻ ٳ ѳݷٳݳ ﻰ ѳ ۳ݩ ݳ ѻݳ ϳ ݻ ٳݩ - -ܳٻ 16-17 1995-1996 22-29

117 ﻰ ѳ۳ݩ ݻ ѳ ﳷϳ ۳ݩ 163-223 Щ ݳ۳ݫ 17- ﳷϳ ߳ݻ ۳ г۳ ٳϳ ѻﳽ۳ݤ ݫ 恵 1961 153-170

118 гݳϳ ϳ ϳ 574-604 ϳ ݳݫ ųٳݳϳ -

119  ۳ ϳݻ ˩ 224 The Life and Adventures of Joseph Emin an Armenian p 199

120  The Life and Adventures of Joseph Emin an Armenian p 182 . . , . , - , 1945, . 109-111 (2- . , 1989).

121 ݳ ݻ۳ ٳٳ ﻰ . . , , .145-161, 230-235.

122  ۳ ϳݻ ˩ 267 The Life and Adventures of Joseph Emin an Armenian pp 234-235 pp 228-229

123  é 120

124  Roberto Gulbenkian et H Berberian "La Legende de David de Sassoun d'apres deux voyageurs Portugais du XVIe siecle" Revue des Etudes Armeniennes Tome VIII Paris 1971 175-188

125  Ezov op cit dokumenty 213 215 216 219 224 231 233 252 301; A Chronicle of the Carmelites in Persia op cit p 578; [Judasz Tadeusz] Krusinski The History of the Late Revolutions of Persia - Vols II New York: ARNO Press 1973; reprint of the 1740 London ed p 131; . . , 18., : . . , 1953, . 158-162; 18 . . . . . : . . , 1968, . 69- 72; ة ۳ݩ 񳹳ݻ ϳ 1723 é ˳ѳۻ ݳϳ 鳽ٻ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ No 4 131 1990 68-71

126 G Bournoutian A History of Qarabagh An Annotated Translation of Mirza Jamal Javanshir Qarabagh's Tarikh-e Qarabagh Costa Mesa CA Mazda Publisher's 1994 p 17; Ǫ The Khanate of Erevan Under Qajar Rule 1795-1828 Costa Mesa CA and New York Mazda Publisher's 1992 p 4 note 12; Robert Hewsen Rusian-Armenian Relations 0 1700-1828 Cambridge Mass Society for Armenian Studies 1984 pp 13-14

127 1723-1727 é ѳϳϳ ٳ۳ ݻ 13 ׳ϳٳ ųٳݳ ٳݻ ݻ ﻰ A M Aivazian The Armenian Rebellion of the 1720s and the Threat of Genocidal Reprisal Center for Policy Analysis American University of Armenia 1997 p 20

128 Suny, Looking toward Ararat, op. cit., p. 34.

129 - 18 . . 2, 1. . . . (: . . , 1964), . 155, . 371

130  ųٳݳϳ ɳݿǦ - г ˳ݫ 1863 196

131 ٣

132 . (` 1722-1723). . . -,1870, . XXIII ߩ ѳ뻳ݩ ɳݿ dzݫ 1916 12 ﻰ ݳ The Chronicle of Petros di Sarkis Gilanentz Translated from the original Armenian and annotated by Caro Owen Minasian With an Introduction and additional Notes by Laurence Lockhart Lisbon 1959 pp X-XII

133  ųٳݳϳ ɳݿǦ 104 - г ˳ݫ 1863 196

134 гϳϳ ϳ гݫ ݫ 1980 ѩ 6 614

135 ճǫ ѳ ѳ ϻջϳ۳ ٳ Ķ ׳ݳ ջݻ - 1933 뤫 179-182

136 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 55 Suny "Nation-making Nation-breaking" op cit p 4

137  ݳϫ ݷɻ ɳ ݻ ٻ Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary-h Tenth ed 1993 p 17 "advetnurer is 1 one that adventures: as a: SOLDIER OF FORTUNE "one who follows military career wherever there is promise of profit adventure or pleasure" ٫ p 1118; b one that engages in risky commercial enterprises for profit; 2 one who seeks unmerited wealth or position esp by playing on the credulity or prejudices of others"

138  Ronald Suny "Nation-making Nation-breaking" op cit p 9 ѳ ݻ ݳϻ ϳݫ ߻ ۳ ϳ ׳ ӻ ݻ - ﻰ Gerard Libaridian The Ideology Liberation The Development of Armenian Political Movement Before the Revolutionary Movement 1639-1885 PhD dissertation in history University of California Los Angeles 1987

139 гϳϳ ճ ݻ ݻ۳ dz ѻ -ϳdzϳ ϳ ٳ ﻰ Roger W Smith Erik Markusen and Robert Jay Lifton "Professional Ethics and the Denial of the Armenian Genocide" Holocaust and Genocide Studies Vol 9 Spring 1995 1 pp 1-22; R P Adalian "The Ramification in the United States of the 1995 French Court Decision on the Denial of the Armenian Genocide and Princeton University" Revue du monde armenien moderne et contemporain 3 1997 pp 99-122; Robert Fisk "US academics joint rush to deny Turkish massacres of Armenians Slaughter viewed as accident of First World War" The Independent London Monday 2 June 1997 ϳ ۳ ٳϳ ѳݻ ѻ ߳ ϳ ٳ ﻰ ѻ۳ ˳۳ Speros Vryonis Jr The Turkish State and History Clio Meets the Grey Wolf Institute for Balkan Studies Thessalonike Aristide D Caratzas Publisher New Rochelle New York 1993 2nd ed pp 79-118

140 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p217

141 ٫ pp 107 217

142 ݳϫ . . , , , T. V. . : . , 1970, . 357-380; Richard Hovanissian Armenia on the Road to Independence Berkley Calif 1967 p 37; Levon Marashlian Politics and Demography Armenians Turks and Kurds in the Ottoman Empire Cambridge Mass - Zorian Institute 1991; Щ Щ ۳ݩ ۳ г۳ ݳ۳ ϳ ݻ ׳ϳ۳ݩ - ػӳ ݻ ݻ XII dz ݫ 1985 59-79

143 Seyh Muhsin Sani [Huseyin Kazim Kadri] 10 Temmuz Inkilabi ve Netayici [ 10- ѻճ ѻݻ] ٵɫ ѳۻ 1336 1920] 116 121 123 ݳ ٳݻ - ﻰ Vahakn N Dadrian "Ottoman Archives and Denial of the Armenian Genocide" in The Armenian Genocide History Politics Ethics op cit pp 294 308 notes 45 46 ۳ ǫ ѳٳ յ ͳ۳ ǫ ϳ˳ ϻͳ

144 Suny "Nation-making Nation-breaking" op cit p 3

145 ٣

146  Suny "Nation-making Nation-breaking" op cit p 16

147 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 114 217

148 Suny The Revenge of the Past op cit p 74

149 Suny "Nation-making Nation-breaking" op cit p 16

150 ٫ 10-11 16 18

151 ݳϫ ѳ ϻͳ ۹ ųٳ-ݳ ٳ۳ ϳ۳ ӳݳݻ ߳ ݳ ѳϳ ջϳݻ ٻ ϳ ϻݳϳ ϳ۳ ٳۻ ݻ ӻݳϻɦ Stanford J Shaw and Ezel Kural Shaw History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey Vol 2 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1977 p 316

152 y Looking toward Ararat op cit pp 94-115

153  Vahakn N Dadrian The History of the Armenian Genocide Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucausus op cit ѳϳ 219-247 ѳݷٳݳ ݻϳ۳ ճ۳ ݳݳϳ ٳ -ϳݳ ϳ ϳ۳  ݳ Vahkn N Dadrian "The Secret Young-Turk Ittihaddist Conference and the Decision for the World War I Genocide of the Armenians "Journal of Political and Military Sociology Vol 22 No 1 Summer 1994 pp 173-202

154 ۳ ٳݻ ˳ ݻ ٳ ﻰ ة ܻ۳ݩ ѳۻ 1915-1916 é ճ۳ ۳ ѳ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ No 2:142 1995 11-20

155 Suny "Nation-making Nation-breaking" op cit p10

156 Vhakn N Dadrian The History of the Armenian Genocide pp 114-116:

157 Rouben Adalian's review of Ronald Grigor Suny Armenia in the Twentieth Century Chico Calif Scholars Press 1983 - in Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies Volume 2 1985-1986 pp 217-222

158 ߻ ųٳݳϳ ٻݳ dzݪ 1998 é ٵ 17- ٵdz ѳٳ гϳϳ λ ݳ˳ӻݻ ݳ ٫ ݳ ۳ ϳ Գ񳵳ǫ ѳ ճ۳ dz ѻ ѳ񳵻ݻ ѳ٫ ϻ г۳ ϳ ǵ ϳ ݳϳ hard-line and nationalistic - Prof Michael Haratunian "Suny Predicts Trouble for Armenia" Columbia University Armenian Center Press Release - Event Report Septmber 25 1998

159 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 195

160 ٫ p 195

161 ٫ p 188

162 1917 . 214-221; Christopher J Walker ed Armenia and Karabakh op cit pp 64-65 163 ٳ ٳٳ ﻰ ݳϫ Vladimir Khodjabekyan Bagrat Asatryan "Iz istorii armyanskogo naseleniya Nakhichevana" Vestnik obshestvennykh nauk AN Arm SSR 1988 No 6 ss 18-27 164 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 188

163 ٳ ٳٳ , ݳ, , , , . , 1988, No.6 . 18-27.

164 Suny, Looking toward Ararat, op. cit., p. 188

165 ٫ pp 188 194 200

166  ݳϫ . . : , 1989. , : . : , 1991.

167 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 193

168 ٫ p 200

169 ٳϳ ճճ ϻݻ ѳٻ ۳ ٵϳ ߳ ٻݳݻǫ ݷɳ ѳ۳ ߳ ٳ󩩩 г ͳϳ ݹѳ ۳ ݳû Ronald Grigor ny "Living with the other: Conflict and Cooperation among the Transcaucasian peoples" AGBU September 1997 pp 27-29 ٻ ߳ г۳ ٻ۳ гٳ ۳ٵ The Transcaucasus Today Prospects for Regional Integration June 23-25 1997 Edited Conference Report American University of Armenia Extension Program pp 51-57 ݳ ﻰ в ݪ ˳ ݹ ݳ۳ -- ûë 15 ǫ 1997 4

170 AGBU September 1997 p 27

171 : , 23-25 , 1997. . : , .

172 û ﻰ Ronald Grigor Suny "The Karabagh Problem A Historical Perspective" The Armenian Mirror-Spectator November 14 1987 pp 8-9

173 Shireen T Hunter The Transcaucasus in Transition Nation-Building and Conflic op cit pp 51-52

174 ٫ 193 é 42

175 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 35 - idem "Images of the Armenians in the Russian Empire" in Richard G Hovannisian ed The Armenian image in History and Literature Malibu CA Udena Publication 1981 p 111

176 ٳ ݳݻ ٻ ߻ ٻݳ dzݩ . . , - 10-17 . : . , 1953; Ǫ - (- ..). : . , 1974; ` . 18- 19 .. : . , 1962; . . . . : . , 1987. . . - . . , . , 1989. Ȼ ʳ۳ݫ гۻ ׳ݳݻ - ݵ سݳǫ 1980 No 13 7-107

177 - . . , 1870, . 88-89.

178  . 1. . . . . -: , 1950, . 9. ݷɻ óٳ Samuel Hazzard Cross and Olgerd P Sherbowitz-Wetzor transs The Russian Primary Chronicle Laurentian Text Pp XI 313 1953

179  . . , - , . . . . (: , 1982), . 375-387

180 , . 5, . 1.

181  Ȼ ʳ۳ݫ гۻ ٫ 83

182 Ȼ ʳ۳ݫ гۻ ٫ 60-107 ʳ۳ ݳ۳ ѳ ݳ ݫ . . , ''-'' . - . op.cit., 1982, . 333-357:

183  . . . . . 82-209.

184  Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p 58 p 9

185 ٫ p 8

186 . . , . . , '''', 1980, str. 399.

187 Robert H Hewsen "Review of Ronald Grigor Suny's Looking toward Ararat Armenia in Modern History" American Historical Review October 1994 p 1357л ᵻ ݳϳ ųٳݳ ϳ ѳ۳ ݳ Ǫ ݳ г ۳ݦ ݷɻ ˳ -۳ ٳݫ ݹ񳹳ݳ ﻰ ѳ۳ݩ ݳ гǦ ݷ- ɻ óٳ۳ ٳݩ - ݵ гٳ 1981 3 45 239

188 - λݳϳ лϳ ۳ ݻ۳ ݳ ݳ۳ óϳ ݳ ѻ۽ ݫ ϳ û ˳ ݻݪ 1985-1993 é - ͳ۳ Directorate of Operation ų ˳ ٻ ϻ ϳ ϳ 񩩩 ػӳ ٻ 񳵻ݫ ϻ ϳ dz ٻ ϳ ѳݻɦ ѳ ѳٳ ѳ ݳݻ ݻǪ л 鳵 ǫ ɳ ٳ dzݤ ɻݦ - Edward G Shirley "Cant any body Here Play This Game?" The Atlantic Monthly Febrary 1998 p48 ɳݻ лݫ ۳ ѳٳӳݫ 񳵳 ٳ ݻɫ û ŵ -- "It is my misfortune that I was been Turk" ϳݳ ѻ ѳ

189 Paul B Henze "" Review of Ronald Grigor Suny's Looking toward Ararat: Armenia in Modern History " Russian Review Vol 54 April 1995 pp 304-305

190 Levon Advoyan Armenian Studies and the Armenian American Community An Old Curmudgeon's Viewpoint The Krikor and Clara Zohrab Information Center Occasional Papers Series ZCOP-001 New York Diocese of the Armenian Church of America 1995 p 4

191 Suny Looking toward Ararat op cit p X ջݻ ˻ճ ﻰ "The Formation of the Armenian Patriotic Inelligentsia in Russia The First Generations "Armenian Review Autumn 1983 Vol 36 #3 pp 18-34

192 Tadeusz Swietochowski "Azerbaijan Between Ethnic Conflict and Irredentism "Armenian Review Summer/Autumn 1990 Vol 43 #2-3 pp 35-49

193 Ronald y "Quelques remarques sur le caractere national la religion et la maniere de vivre des Armenians" in Les Armeniens Le visage d'un peuple ed by Roupen Boghassian Venis Octobre 1985 pp 97-111

194  ݳɹ Ƿ ǩ г۳ ٻ - ٳ ߳óû ϳ ѳͤ ٳ 1993 é -ƺ

195  в ݪ ˳ ݹ ݳ۳ û 15 1997 I* 4 ߳ ݻ ˳ ݻ ٳ - ߻ г۳ ٻ۳ ѳٳ ݻ û ۳ٵ Գ񳵳۳ ѳϳٳ۳ ѳ ϫ 1996 é 30- ݷ 糽 ѳ񳵻ݻ ݳ ٻ ۳ݩ Գ񳵳۳ ѳϳٳ۳ ϳ г۳ 鳽ٳϳ ݷ ݫ г۳ݦ гᦫ 1998 11 12 é 8 ۳ ݳ۳ٵ ѳݹ ϳ ݳ ۳ ߳óû 27 ǫ 1997 ۳ - 27 ǩ 1997 ۳ 3 ǫ 1997 ϳݫ ۳ ٳݻ ݳ ٻ 1998 é 11- óٳݳ ݻϳ۳ dz ϳ ѻϳݦ ۳ ٳݣ γ û - ٵ ѳٳ ϳ ٳ ϻ ۹ ݻ ߻ݻ û ݹٻ ٻ ٳ û ݻ ѻݳ ݻ dz ݳϳ ѳ ݻ ͻ ϳϳ ݳ ٻ ݻϳ۳ݻ ǵ ѳ ٳݫ ϳ ѳٳ ճ۳ ٵ ݻ

196 Audrey Alstadt, The Azerbaijani Turks:Power and Identity under Russian Rule (Hoover Press, 1992), 331 pages.

197  ة ɳ۳ݩ г ۳ ˻ճ ˩ 41

198 . . . : . 1968. . . The Pre-history of the Armenian People The English translation by Lori Jennings Delmar Carvan Books 1985 and 1995

199  é 16

200 . , str 209-214

201  ݳϫ Щ ʩ ۳ݩ Ƿ Գ۳ ɻ-ѳ۳ ݹ۳ 110-۳ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1997 2 146 33-40

202 ٫ 243

203 ٫ 184-187 ܩ ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ʩ ۳ݩ -г۳ݫ 36 é 41

204 ȩ Advoyan "Afro-Centrism Armneo-Centrism and the Uses of History" in Jean-Pierre Mahe and Robert W Thomson eds From Byzantium to Iran Armenian Studies in Honour of Nina G Garsoian Atlanta Georgia Scholars Press 1997 pp 81-96 on 91

205 ٫ 89

206 ٫ p 87 note 22

207 Thomas F Mathews and Roger Wieck eds Treasures in Heaven: Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts The Pierpont Morgan Library New York: Prinston University Press 1994 p 5

208 ٫ p 86 91-92

209 ݳϫ Golos Armenii 15 marta 1997 g s 4

210  ۳ݩ ݳ г ۳ݦ ųٳ׳ϳϳ ѳٳϳ ݫ 1965 Ǫ лɻϳ г۳ ݳݩ ݫ 1966

211 ݳϫ Gaguik Sarkissian "The History of Armenia" by Movses Khorenatzi Yerevan: State University Press 1991 pp 47-58 ݳdz۳ ٳݳ۳ ͳݻ ٳ ϻ ϳ ϳ۳ͪ ݳ г ۳ݦ ٳ 1500-۳ 糽 ݻ ݫ 1991

212 Esat Uras Tarihte Ermeniler ve Ermeni Meselesi Ankara Yeni Matbaa1950 pp 3-15 Esat Uras The Armenians In History And The Armenian Question Istanbul Documentary Publications 1988 pp 225-244 ݳ ٳ۳ ٳݳ ݳ۳ óϳ ٻϳ ݳϳ ݻ - ݳ ݳݻ ۳ݫ ϫ ٳ г ۳ݦ ѳϳϳ óϳŻ ٳϳ յݻ ѳ û ѳ ݳ ϳݷݻɩ ٻϳ ݻ ѳ ٳ dzݣ ۹ ѳ׳ ﳷ ݳdz ۳ ݳdz г۳ ˳ݪ Clive Foss "The Turkish View of Armenian History A Vanishing Nation" op cit pp 258-260

213 ѳ ٳ ٳٳ ﻰ Christopher J Walker Armenia The Survival of a Nation Revised Second edition New York St Martin's Press 1990 pp 360-363

214  Cyril Toumanoff Studies in Christian Caucasian History Georgetown University Press 1963 p 108

215 Cyril Toumanoff Studies in Christian Caucasian History pp 104-105

216 ٫ p 330

217 ٫ pp 104-105

218  Toumanoff Stidies in Christian Caucasian History pp 104 108 ݣ

219 S سû۳ݩ ݳ ٳ ٳ ϳ - dzݫ 1991 -ī 85-93 ݳ г ǵ гۻ ݦ ѳϳݳ ݳ ɻ ݳ óٳ г۳ ݦ ﻰ Moise de Khorene Histoire de lArmenie Nouvell Traduction de l'armenien classique par Annie et J-P Mahe Paris Gallimard 1993

220 Moses Khorenats'i History of the Armenians Translation and commentary on the literary sources by Robert W Thomson Cambridge Mass Harvard University Press 1978 p 61 note 120

221 . - : Problemy istorii Nagornogo Karabakha Erevan "Ayastan" 1990 c 152

222  The History of Lazar Parpeci Translated by Robert Atlanta Georgia Scholars Press 1991 p 33

223 Moses Khorenatzi History of the Armenians op cit pp 1-61

224 ٫ p 27

225 ٫ p 34

226 ٫ p 35

227 ٫ p 42

228 ٫ p 45

229 ٫ p 58

230 ٫ p 34

231 ٫ p 29

232 ٫ p 26

233 ٫ p 14

234 ٣

235 ٫ p27235 ٫ p 27

236 ٫ pp 34-35

237 ٫ p 35

238 ٫ p 37

239 ٫ p 30

240 ٫ p 37

241 ٫ p 46

242 ٫ p 49

243 ٫ p 36

244 ٫ p 60

245 ٫ p 40 246 ٫ p 33

247 ٫ p 48 Moses embroiders his borrowing from Koriun with additions of his own devising cf pp 14 Moses also mentions various Greek historical works without quoting them directly etc 46 Faustus Buzandats'i is never mentioned by name

248 Gaguik Sarkissian The History of Armenia by Movses Khorenatzi Yerevan: State University Press 1991 in English pp 68-71

249 Moses Khorenatzi History of the Armenians op cit p 58

250 ٫ p 56

251  Ȼ -۳ ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ1980 No 1 268-270 ѳ۳ݩ ݳ гǦ ݷɻ óٳ۳ ٳݩ - ݵ гٳ 1981 No 3 45 237 239 Gaguik Sarkissian "The History of Armenia by Movses Khorenatzi op cit pp 47-86 ݳ ݳ˳ 1986 é ݪ 1991 é  ݳ ɳ ѳ۳ ݳǪ ݳ 5- ϳݻ ѳ ѻ ˳ Giusto Triana Il complesso di Trimalcione Movses Xorenaci e le origini del pensiero storico armeno [ٳ- ݳ ѳ ٳϳ ͳ ] Venezia Eurasiatica 1990

252  ݳϫ Erishe History of Vardan and the Armenia War Transl and commentary by Robert W Thomson Cambridge Mass Harvard University Press 1982 p 19; Moses Khorenats'i History of the Armenians op cit p 39; Moses Khorenatsi Patmutiwn Hayots A facsimile reproduction of the 1913 Tiflis edition with an introduction by Robert W Thomson Delmar New York Caravan Books 1981 p XVIII; Review of Krikor H Maksoudian's translation of Yovhannes Drasxanakertsi's History of Armenia in Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies Vol 3 1987 p 165

253 F C Conybeare "The Date of Moses of Khoren" Byzantinische Zeitschrift Munich 1901 #s 3-4 pp 489-504 Moses Khorenats'i History of the Armenians op cit pp 369-386 on p 378

254  Gaguik Sarkissian "The History of Armenia" by Movses Khorenatzi op cit p 59

255 Moses Khorenats'i History of the Armenians op cit p 60

256 ٫ p 61

257 ݷɻ ݳ ѳ۳ ٳݻ ۳ ۳ ѳݳ ѻ ѳ ݷɳ ٳݳݻ ϳ ۳ 񳽳 ϻ ϳ ݳ óٳ ﻰ û г۳ ݳϳݻ ϻٳݳ۳ݩ ѳٳ 47 ݹٻ ϳ 񳹳ݤ 1998 2139

258  ݳǩ г ݳϳ ݳ ݻ ة ջ ڳݻǣ ݻ 뻳ǩ ݫ 1991 ٳݳѳ 1913 é 10

259 Moses Khorenats'i History of the Armenians op cit p 69

260  ݳǩ ѳ ³ٳ ݻ ͳóݻ ϳ س˳۳: ݫ г۳ݦ 1968

261 . . . . "". 1990. . 7.

262 Moise de Khorene Histoire de l'Armenie Nouvell Tr 1993 op cit p 106

263  г Щ 1 ݫ 1971 707 1100000- ˳ٳٵ óٳ ǵ ٻ ѳ ɦ 8- ͳó۳ ٻ ɳݻ ݳ ѻ

264 Գ ǩ г ѳ سݻݣ гٳ 恵 1982 26 30 430

265 ߻ г ٳݣ ³٩ ͳóݻ -ݳǩ гٳ 恵 1989 102

266  ݳǩ ѳ ³ٳ س˳۳ǫ ˩ 70 . . . . 7.

267 ѳϳ ɻǣ ݻϫ 굩 Գ 1836 21

268 Clive Foss "The Turkish of Armenian History A Vanishing Nation," op. Cot., p. 263.

269 Moses Khorenatzi History of the Armenians op cit p 56

270 ݳǩ г Ƹ 72

271 Moses Khorenats'i History of the Armenians op cit p 113

272  ݳǩ ѳ ³٩ س˳۳ǫ ˩ 111

273 . . . . 39.

274  Moise de Khorene Histoire de l'Armenie Nouvell T op cit p 142

275 ۹ óٳݻ ѳٳ ﻰ ۳ݩ ٫ ˩ 90-91

276  ݳϫ B F Porshnev Social'naya psokhologiya i istoriya Moskva 1966 ss 78-84 103-111; David ȩ Watson Gail deBortali-tregerthan and Joyce Frank Social Psychology Science and Application Scott Foresman and Company 1984 pp 195-198

277 Henry Pratt ed Dictionary of Sociology Westport Connecticut Greenwood Press 1970 p 135

278 سÿ 30 16 س 31 ϳ 30

279 ة سû۳ݩ ݳ óݳ ݳ ųٳݳϳ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1989 No 1 220-234

280 س سݳݫ ӻ 2679 ٳ۳ h ݳ ٳݳѳ۳ٵ ﻰ سﻳ û ѳ ѳݳǣ ٳݳѳ 峷۳ ˳ ߻ سû۳ ܳǦ 恵 1995

281 ٫ 225

282  ݹ 226

283  ߻ سû۳ݩ ݳ г ۳ݦ ݫ سݳݫ 1995 205-222

284 ݹ 226-232 é 36 ﻰ ݳ ۳ݩ ݳ г ۳ݦ ݳϳ ѻ 6-7 ϻ٩ - dzݫ 1992 - 85-98 . . . " ( )" (. . . - ). - 1979. - 1. . 67-72.

285  Rewriting caucasian History The Medieval Armenia Adaptation of the Georgian Chronicles Translated with introduction and commentary by Robert W Thomson Oxford: Clarendon Press 1996 p XXX

286  ݳϫ ۳ݩ ݳ г ۳ݦ ݳϳ ѻ 6-7 ϻ٫ 98

287 ʩ ۳ݩ ݳ г ۳ 糽 ǽ 1991 é 25-26 - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1991 No 1 132 219

288 . ѳ۳ݩ س ۳ յ ͳ ݳ г - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1996 No 1-2 143-144 295-310

289 ۳ ѻ ϻ ϻ ٳ Ǥ ݻ ѳϳϳ ѳ񳵳ݳϳ ϳ۳ ٻ ﻰ The Epic Histories Buzandaran Patmutiwnk Translation and commentary by Nina G Garsoian Cambridge Mass Harvard University Press 1989 p X ۹ ϻ ϻ ѻ ɫ ۳ ݳ ٳϳ ճݻ ݻͻ ٻ ճ ɳ introducing serious historical distortions ٫ pp 44-45

290 ѳ۳ݩ г ϳ յݻ óٳ dz۳ ܳѳݷݻ ٻ -- ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1987 No 1 110 ݳ˳ ϳ۳ ݳ۳ ѳ ϳ۳ 糽 ٫ 1986 é ٵݣ

291 ٫ 108-109

292 û ѻ۳ -۳ݩ ǻ [ٳ۳] ѳۻ ˳۳ٵ Ǧ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1993 1-2 137-138 199-206 Ǫ سݳ ѳ ٳݳ۳ݪ ٩ é 1500 é ϳٻ ݦ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1997 1 145 269-275 ٻ سó۳ݩ ӻ ۳ ٻ - û ǽ 18-19 1994 2-3

293 Elishe History of Vardan and the Armenian War Transl and commentary by Robert W Thomson Cambridge Mass Harvard University Press 1982 p 25 г۳ 񳹳ݻ٫ ݻ ߻ Ǫ 1993 é -۳ - - ݻ ϳ ﻰ Revue des Etudes Armeniennes 1994-1995 Tome 25 p 460-461

294 Elishe History of Vardan and the Armenian War op cit p 27

295 ٫ 25-27 Peter Cowe "Elise's Armenian War as a Matphor for the Spiritual Life" in Jean-Pierre Mahe and Robert W Thomson eds From Byzantium to Iran: Armenian Studies in Honour of Nina G Garsoian op cit pp 341-369345 355

296 Peter Cowe Elise's Armenian War op cit p 355

297 ٫ 1920-ϳ é Ͻ г۳ ݳϳ ݻ۳ ٳݳ ѳۻ ӻ鳷 ٳ ճ˻ ѳٳ ۳ ճϳ ϳ٣

298 Elishe History of Vardan and the Armenian War pp 1-53

299 ߻ ٳݳ ﻰ Щ ݳ۳ݩ سݳݦ ߿ ݳ ѳ ݫ -ݳ۳ݫ ݫ 1957 204-219 ۹ ٳݳ۳ ٻ ߳ ѻﳽݻ Ȼ ۳ ﻰ ߻ ѳϳϳ ϻջ ϻջ󳵳۳ ϳݦ - dzݫ 1990 40 é 2

300 ߻ ݳ ³ٳ۳ٵ ݻͳϳ ݳ۳ٵ ͳóݻ - -ݳ۳ǣ ݫ г 1946 16

301 Cyril Toumanoff Studies in Christian Caucasian History op cit p 17

302 ﻰ ߻ ݳ г 1946 5-91 ۳ 񳵻 ѳ 41-91-٤

303  . . . " " ". - 񳵻 ѳϳϳ ݻǫ 1092 No 1 583 126-139

304 Elishe History of Vardan and the Armenian War p 19

305 Peter Cowe "Elises Armenian War op cit p 345

306  0 ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ó۳ݩ س ѳۻ ӻ鳷 س سݳǣ Щ ݫ 1984 £

307 سٳ ﻰ ة سû۳ݩ ݳ óݳ ݳ ųٳݳϳ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1989 1 226-230 ۳ݩ ݳ г ۳ݦ ݳϳ ѻ 6-7 ϻ٫ 98

308 ߻ ϻ볷۳ ٳ 񳵻 Ż ݻ ݩ ﻰ ѳϳϳ IJ ݻϫ 1853 39-45

309 . . 2. . "". 1978. . 432.

310 Moses Khorenatzi History of the Armenians op cit p 39

311 0 ۳ݫ ۳ݫ ó۳ݩ س ѳۻ ӻ鳷 س سݳǫ -£

312 óݷ ݻ ٳ ٻݳݻ ٳݳ ﻰ г ݳ۳ݩ гϳϳ ٳݳݩ - Щ ݫ 1959 151-214

313 ݳ Il complesso di Trimalcione ˳ ߻ Щ Ȼ ۳ Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies Vol 7 1994 ϳ 1996-ݤ pp 167 172

314  Щ ݳ۳ݩ سݳݦ ߿ ݳ ѳ ݫ ݫ 1957 211

315  Richard Hovannisian ed The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times op cit Vols 1 p 350

316 Robert Bedrosian "The Sparapetutiwn in Armenia in the Fourth and Fifth Centuries" Armenian Review 1983 Vl 36 #2 pp 6-45

317  ٫ 10-11

318  Moses Khorenatsi Patmutiwn Hayots A facsimile reproduction of the 1913 Tiflis Edition with an introduction by Robert W Thomson Delmar New York Caravan Books 1981 Ps Pawstos Buzandaran Patmutiwnk [The Epic Histories] Classical Armenian Text Reprint Series gen ed John A C Greppin Delmar N Y 1984 with an introduction by N G Garsoian a reprint of the 1883 St Petersburg edition

319  ѳ۳ݩ г ϳ յݻ óٳ dz۳ ܳѳݷݻ ٻ 106-109

320  y Looking toward Ararat op cit pp 7 248 note 9

321  Erich Kettenhofen Tirdad und die Inschrift von Paikuli Kritik der Quellen zur Geschichte Armeniens im spaten 3 und fruhen 4 Jh Chr Wiesbaden Reicher Verlag 1995

322  Mesopotamia Rivista di archeologia epigrafia e storia orientae antica Casa editrice le lettere Firenze 1996 XXXI pp 308-311 ݳ ݳ ϻ г۳ - سѻ ﻰ ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1996 Vol 1-2 143-144 353-355 Revue des Etudes Armeniennes 1994-1995 Tome 25 pp 469-472

323  Revue des Etudes Armeniennes 1994-1995 Tome 25 p 470-471

324  ݳ ųٳݳϳ ٵ ݳ "г ۳" ٻ 82 - -ܳٻ 2-3 1997 24-25 16 é 4

325 ٳ ۹ ݳݻ ߻ 糽 ѳ񳵻ݻ ٻݳѻݳϳ ѳݹݻ ٻ٪ Foreign Affairs- 糽 ѳ񳵻ݻ 1997 é ٳ-۳ ѳٳ٪ ǹ 峷 Գ񳵳۳ ѳϳٳ۳ ٻ ѳۻ ݳ ݳϳ۳ݦ ѳ ѳ ϳ ϳ ϳ ٳ óٳ 峷 ϳ ٻ۳ ݳû 17 1997 ٵ۳ ϳ ٻݳ۳ٵ ϳ û ٻ٫ ݷ ϳ ۳ ٳϳ ݷ ѳϳ۳ ٵ г۳ ϳ ݻϳ۳۳ Щ ѳ۳ ϳ ݳ ٻǦ ۳ 22 1997

326 óٳ۳ ݳϳ ﻰ Щ ݳ۳ݩ س ϻ ɻ 1987 355-373

327  г ݦ ݫ 1984 452 س ۳ݩ ϻ г ϳ۳ ݩ ݤ ݫ 1968 193-194

328  . . . - " ". 1922. VI. . 3. . 235-272 Ω ػ-ѳ۳ݩ - ݹǩ - ջϳ ѳ ݹ 1947 No 6 59-74 1947 No 7 59-77 ݹ ѳ ³٩ ݻͩ óٳݻ س˳۳ǩ ݫ г۳ݦ 1968 44-53

329  س ۳ݩ ϻ ݫ 1966 199 г ݦ ˩ 453-454:

330 ٳݳ ݻǫ ﻰ ѳϳ ݹ г ݫ ݫ Ʋ-ʫ ʺ-« ̺ ݫ -« -ʲ

331  ϻݫ ﻳ г۳ ϳ ݻ Ƿ 1947 80

332 ѳݿ γ񳷻ύݫ 峷 ճݻ ѳ ݳѳݷݻ٤ ݫ سճæ 1998 48-50:

333  ݳ г ۳ݦ ٳ 1500-۳ 糽 ݻ ݫ 1991 28-30

334  س ۳ݩ ϻ 193 Ω ػ-ѳ۳ ݹ ݻ ٻ ϳ Ͻݳյ ϳ Ͻݳյ ջ ѳ ﻰ ջϳ ѳ 辶 1947 7 59

335 ݹ ѳ ³٩ س˳۳ 1968 44

336  س ۳ݩ ϻ 259-261

337  س ۳ݩ ϻ 259

338  ݳϫ ݹ ѳ ³٩ س˳۳ 1968 30-32

339  س ۳ݩ ϻ 199

340 ݹ IJ Ʋ

341  . . . . 235 259-260

342 ݹ ѳ ³٩ س˳۳ 1968 186

343 س ۳ݩ ϻ 194 ݹ ѳ ³٩ س˳۳ 1968 30 344  ٳ ϳ ͳ߳ ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1990 2 3 4 1991 1 2 1992 1 ߳ "Գ ۳" ųٳݳϳ۳ ѳ ϳ 1720-ϳݻ ųٳݳϳ۳ ݹ ﻰ 1992 é ݳ ûݳϳ ׳ "Գ " 1720-ϳ é ﳷϳ ߳ٳ ݳ ݷɻ ѻ۳ ٪ A M Aivazian The Armenian Rebellion of the 1720s and the Threat of Genocidal Reprisal Center for Policy Analysis American University of Armenia 1997

345  ܩ Ϧ ٳϳ ճϳ Ż - г ػ-г۳ݩ ۳ ϳ ݻ ǽ 1937 122-148 ѳϳ 126 130 136-137 ߩ ѳ۳ݩ ˳ Գ ٵ - ݵ ѳٳǫ 1970 No 1 96-111 س۳ݩ ݻ ٵ۳ ۳ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1973 No 3 62 177-193

346 Ȼ г ݣ 4 ϻ 4 ݫ 1984 г۳ݦ 12-13

348 Rufi Festi Brevarium XXV -- ٻ絻 ﻰ . . . str 238-239

349  Щ سݳݹ۳ݫ ϻ ݫ 1978 237-238

352 The Epic Histories Atributed to Pawstos Buzand Buzandaran Patmutiwnk Translation and Commentary by Nina G Garsoian Cambridge Mass: Harvard University Press 1989

353 Nina Garsoian Armenia in the Period of Justinian Lisbon Galouste Gulbekian Foundation 1970

354 J R Russel "A Parthian Bhagavad Gita and its Echoes" in From Byzantium to Iran Armenian Studies in Honour of Nina G Garsoian op cit p 30 note 21

355 Nina Garsoian "Iran and Caucasia" in Transcaucasia Nationalism and Social Change Essays in the history of Armenia Azerbaijan and Georgia Ed Ronald Grigor uny The Univ of Michigan Ann Arbor 1983 p 14 n 24 20

356 Ps Pawstos Buzandaran Patmutiwnk [The Epic Histories] op cit

357 Nina Garsoian "Iran and Caucasia" in Transcaucasia Nationalism and Social Change op cit p 20

358 N G Garsoyan Armeniya v IV veke k voprosu utochneniya terminov "Armeniya" i "vernost' " - 񳵻 ѳϳϳ ݻ 1971 No 3 55-62

359 ٫ 55-56

360 ݳϫ F Dj Mamedova Politicheskaya istoriya i is-toricheskaya geografiya Kavkazskoy Albanii /// vdo n ye - VIII v nashej yery Baku 1986 pod redakciey Z M Buniatova ss 122-123 125 سٻ ݳ ߳ ݻ ݳ 񳵻 ѻ ۳ ѳ ϻݻݫ ϻ г۳ Kogda otsuststvuet nauchnaya dobrosovestnost' - 񳵻 ѳϳϳ ݻǫ 1987 No 7 33-56

361  Monica J Blanchard & Robin Darling Young transl Eznik of Kolb On God Eastern Christian Texts in Translation No 2 The Catolic University of America Peeters 1998 p 4 óٳ۳ ѳݹ Ϸ ۳ٵ

362  The Epic Histories Buzandaran Patmutiwnk cit p 51

363 ٣

364 J R Russel "A Parthian Bhagavad Gita and its Echoes" op cit p 18

366 ݹ ѳ ³٩ س˳۳ 1968 244-245

367 The Epic Histories Buzandaran Patmutiwnk op cit p 310-311 note 4 and 12

368  ԩ ۳ݩ dz ճϳ ճϳ۳ ݹϳ 1914-1918 ݫ г۳ݦ 1964 455 Turciya v gody pervoy mirovoy voyny Moskva 1966 str 188 I Kh Bagramyan Moi vospomonaniya Izd "Ayastan" Erevan 1979 s 88

369 (. 1962). str 630

370 ۳ ͳóݻ ٻ٫ ѳϳϳ ٳݻ "was renowned beyond its borders" The Epic Histories op cit p 573

371 ݹϳ ݳ ѳϳϳ ٳ ٳݳݻ ٳ ѳٳﳵ ﻰ ߩ ѳ۳ݫ -ݻ ѳ ﳷϳ ۳ݫ 39-40

372  ߻ ѳ ٳݣ ³٩ ͳ-óݻ -ݳ۳ǩ гٳ 恵 1989 89

373 ٫ ݷ 232-233

374 é 296

375 The Epic Histories op cit pp 310-312 notes 4 5 18

376 ٫ 311 é 4

379 ݹ ѳ 1912 ī 50

380  The Epic Histories Buzandaran Patmutiwnkop cit p 84

381 ݹ ѳ ³٩ ݻͩ óٳݻ س˳۳ǫ 90

382 The Epic Histories p 510

383 ݹ ѳ ³٩ س˳۳ 1968 110

384  The Epic Histories p 98

385 The Epic Histories pp 68 73-76 96-98 108 116 133 148-151 155 158-159 161 163-164 166 170 186-187 189-191 193-196 204-205 217 219-220 223-228 529

386 ݹ ѳ ³٩ س˳۳ 1968 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1953.

387 The Epic Histories op cit p 76

388 ݹ ѳ ³٩ س˳ 1968 79

389 Istoriya Armenii - Favstos Buzanda s 18

390 Ps Yovhannes Mamikonean The History of Taro [Patmutiwn Taro-noy]: Historical Investigation Critical Translation and Historical and Textual Commentaries by ev Avdoya [Columbia University Armenian Studies Program Suren D Fesjian Academic Publication; 6] Atlenta GA Schoalrs Press 1993

391 Levon Avdoyan "Nagorno Karabakh A historical perspective" International Journal on Group Rights 3 1995 pp 161-167

392  ѳϳ y king toward Ararat op cit pp 37-42 101

393  ݳϫ Chritopher Walker Visions of Ararat London 1997; ɻ г۳ ѳ ٳݩ ٵ۳ٵ ܩ ݳǫ ݫ 恵 1967;

394 y Nation-making Nation-breaking op cit p 6

395 Suny king toward Ararat op cit p 8

396  Щ سݳݹ۳ݫ ϻ ݫ 1981 8-9 ݳ˳ ϳ٫ 1902 Ⱥ ǫ 167-171

398 George A Bournoutian The Khanate of Erevan Under Qajar Rule 1795-1828 Costa Mesa CA and New York Mazsa Publishers 1992 p 58 G Le Strange The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate London 1966 p 177 ݷ 1905 é  ݳ George Bournoutian Eastern Armenia in the Last Decades of Persian Rule 1807-1828 Malibu CA Undena Publication 1982 p 75

399 [Jean Baptiste Tavernier] Les six Vouages de Jean Baptiste Tavernier en Turquie en Perse et aux Indes Paris 1682 T I p 32; Paris 1713 T 1 p 79

400  س ɳ۳ݩ ݻ г ϳ 1992 974 - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1997 1 266 Ȼ г ݩ ѳ ݫ ݫ 1969 266 ѳ۳ݩ ݻ ѳ ﳷϳ ۳ݩ 363 é 3 XVIII . . . . : . . . . 1968. . 20. ɫ г ʳ۳ û ѳ ѻ-ݳݻ ݳѳϳ ѳ ٳϳ 񹳷۳ 鳽ٳϳ ۳ ѳݹ ۳ ѻݳݻ ݻ ϳ˳ϳ ݳϳ 񳵻 ӷݻ ﻰ XVIII . . 11-1620-22

401 Nora dudwick "Armenia the nation awakens" p cit p 262; Mark Malkasian ' Gha-ra-bagh' The Emergence of the National Movement in Armenia Wayne State University Press 1996 pp 11-12

402 Richard Hovannisian ed The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern times Vols 1 New York St Martin's Press 1997 p 273

403  . . . . . . . . . 1952. . 17-18. ۻ۳ ѳ ݳ г ݦ ϳdzϳ ٳѳ۳ ѩ 3 ݫ 1976 672 I 673

404 Vahakn N Dadrian "Ottoman Archives and Denial of the Armenian Genocide" in The Armenian Genocide History Politics Ethics op cit pp 280-310 especially pp 284-289 294-296 Levon Marashian Politics and Demography Armenians Turks and Kurds in the Ottoman Empire Cambridge Mass Zorian Institute 1991 ϳ ٳ ׳ ϳٳϳݻ ϻ ݳ ݳ ݻǤ ٳϳ 񹳷 ﻰ ݳϫ ݻ ѳ۳ݫ ճݻ ϳ 16 ٳ۳ ³ óݻ٩ -ܳٻ 6 1996-1 1997 ѳٳ 22-23 21-30 Speros Vryonis Jr A Critical Analysis of "Stanford Shaw History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey Volume I Empire of the Gazis The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280-1808 Cambridge University Press Cambridge London New York Melbourne 1976 Offprint from Balkan Studies 24 1 1983 pp 104-107 115-117

405 Thomas F Mathews and Roger Wieck eds Treasures in Heaven op cit XV

406 Definitions and Divisions of Philosophy by David the Invincible Philosopher Transl by Kendall B and Thomson R Atlanta Scholars Press 1983

407  Sergio La Porta "Christoph Burchard ed Armenia and the Bible Papers presented to the International Symposium Held at Heidelberg July 16-19 1990 University of Pennsylvania Armenian Texts and Studies 12 Atlanta Scholars Press 1993 Pp X+251" Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies Volume 7 1994 pp 151-155 at 153

408 . . . '' '' . - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1997 ѳٳ 1 145 227-240

409 ٫ 227-229 4

10 Thomas F Mathews and Roger S Wieck eds Treasures in Heaven op cit p 74

411 Щ г۳ݩ ˳ѳ- г ݹ ݩ д ݫ 1997

412 "As for the date of the original text the only claim that ASX has to being as old as the fifth century is that it was in later centuries attributed to MX who was supposed to have lived in the fifth century but who we now know flourished probably in the late eighth" - The Geography of Ananias of Sirak ASXARHACOYC The Long and the Short Recensions Introduction Translation and Commentary by Robert H Hewsen Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag Wiesbaden 1992 p 33

413 ٫ 33 é 122

414 ϳ ۳ ó - û ѳϳϳݫ г۳ ˳ѳ۳ ﻽۳ ݽϳ ߳ӳݦ - ۳ݩ г۳ ѳ- VII- ѳϳϳ ﻽ ϳ۳ ųٳݳϳ ﻽ϳ 񳤩 ݫ гϳϳ 恵 1963 7

415 The Geography of Ananias of Sirak (ASXARHACOYC), op, cit., p. 34.

416 John A C Greppin "Comments on Early Armenian Knowledge of Botany as Revealed in the Geography of Ananias of Shirak" Journal of the American Oriental Society Vol 115 No 4/October-December 1995 pp 679-684 at 679

417 ݳϳ ϳ۳ ݻó ۳ ݻ 5 ٳ 1997 é 6

418 г ݦ ѩ 2 ݫ 恵 1984 552-558

419 . . . . . 1. . 1946:

420  ۳ݫ -л۳ ϳ ٵϳ ݻ - ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1985 ѳٳ 2 109 145-160 Stella A Vardanian Histoire de la Medecine en Armenie De l'Antiquite a nos jours Paris Union Medicale Armenienne de France 1998

421 г ݦ Щ 3 ݫ 恵 1976 882

422  ѳ ۳ ݩ 恵 1993 ˳۳ ٳݪ Le Museon 108 1995 pp 200-205 at 200 ѳ ۳ ˳ ѳ 峷۳ ݻ Revue des Etudes Armeniens 1999 é ѳٳ :

423 R Hovannisian ed The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern times Vols 1-2 New York St Martin's Press 1997 p 307

424 ȩ ʳ۳ݫ ɳ۳ ѳٳ ݻ ϳ ݳݻ ѳٳ ϳ ˳ݻ XXIII 1946 ȩ ʳ۳ݫ ɳ ѳݩ - гϳϳ ϳ ѳݦ ѩ 3 ݫ 1977 91

425 "The crown of studies was the pursuit of the highest knowledge theology" - The New Enciclopedia Britannica in 30 Volumes Macropoedia Chicago William Benton Publisher 1984 Volume 12 p 163

427 ٳ dz û ǹ ѳۻ ϳϳݹ ϳճ٤ ϳݫ ϳ ݻݳ ǻ ٳ۳ ѳۻ ݳ ۳ ݳϳ ٳ-ݳϳ ѳݹ 1993 1-2 137-138 199-206 ѻ ݻ ѻ ѻ

428 Alin K. Gregorian, "New Tufts University Armenian Studies Professor Predicts Rosy Future" Azg|Mirror-Spectator October 28, 1998.

429 ѻϳ ݳϣ Studies in Christian Caucasian History ۳ Ω ٳ ݪ ݳ 5- ѻݳ ݹݻ ѳٳ 108 ϳ ݳ ѳٳ ѳۻ ۳ ٳϳ ٵ ѳٳ٫ 90 é 127 ǻ ųٳݳϫ ٳ ݹ г۳ ǵ ݳ˳ѳϳϳ ϳ ϳٳ ѳ ۳ ݤ ϳݩ dz ݳ ݰ ѳۻ ݻ dzɳϳ ۳ ٳϳ ѳ ѳٳ ѳٳ ǫ û ݻ ݳ˳ϳݻ dzϳ ٳϳ Żﳵ ջ ͫ ݳ˳ѳۻ The sociological level of these [the Urartians and other proto-Caucasians] must of necessity have been more advanced than that of the proto-Armenians p 70 note 76:



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