The settlement named Gharabulagh was established in the place of the present day Fizuli in 1827. It's only inhabitants initially were the members of a Russian sect (molokans), later the small village community was fulfilled by the Turks and Kurds, and a small number of Armenians. In 1986 Gharabulagh still remained a purely monoethnical Russian village (45 households, 213 residents, of which 104 male and 109 female), while in 1915 the number of Russians (65 households) in Gharabulagh then renamed to Koryazino, was already less than the number of the Turks. As witnessed by the records of that period "Koryazino is the commercial centre of the villagers of Varanda and Dizak provinces. The overwhelming majority of its population is Turks, mainly occupied with trade. The second largest community after the Turks is the molokans... Their main occupation is agriculture. They have greatly promoted the cultivation of orchards. Particularly the Armenians here are in insignificant minority, some of them are shop owners, others are tailors or shoe-makers..." Both, the Turks and Armenians were mainly immigrants from Shushi, because owing to its convenient geographical position the settlement established by the Russians had become the place of weekly fairs.
|Gharakopak-Tapa, general view of the mound.|
The administrative centre renamed, since 1959 to Fizuli is especially famous for the hill (altitude about 50 m), which is situated in the northern edge of the town. The Turks called it Gharakyopak-Tapa, The hill is flat topped and entirely covered by fragments of ceramics. Although this site confined the attention of the archaeologists since the beginning of the XX cent., systematical excavations here were started only in 1964. The material discovered in this site dates from the IV-III Mil.BC, and is identical to the materials found in the numerous sites of the Armenian Highland.